: 83-92
Lviv Polytechnic National University

The article is aimed at covering the issue of the historical organization of the network of fortresses of the northwest coast of the Black Sea and the Danube-Dnepr intermarriage during the 17th and 18th centuries, the times of subordination of this territory to the Ottoman Empire and vassal states. The study covered 11 cities that had fortification systems. Historiographical and descriptive documents on fortifications were systematized, search for common features and algorithms for the formation of a fortified area was compared with other known Ottoman cities of the same period. Generalization of architectural solutions is derived in a spatial typology.

Bevz M., Frolova Y., 2017. Notes to the identification of the fortification systems in the cities of the southern Ukraine of 17th – 18th centuries. Current issues in research, conservation and restoration of historic fortifications, №9,, pp. 342–347.
Fedakar, C., 2015. Osmanlı-Rus Harplerinde Kılburun, Özi Nehri ve Hocabey Muharebeleri.. Karadeniz Araştırmaları, Issue 2, pp. 119–136.
Finkel, Caroline and Victor Ostapchuk, 2005. Outpost of Empire: An Appraisal of Ottoman Building Registers as Sources for the Archeology and Construction History of the Black Sea Fortress of Özi. In Muqarnas: An Annual on the Visual Culture of the Islamic World, XXII, pp. 150–188.
Freely, J., 2011. A History of Ottoman Architecture. s.l.:WIT. Gabor, A., n.d. Ottoman artillery and Europian military technology in 15th and 17th century. AOH, Issue 47, pp. 15–48.
Greenhalgh, M., 2002. French Military Reconnaissance in the Ottoman Empire during the 18th and 19th Centuries as a Source for Our Knowledge of Ancient Monuments. The Journal of Military History, 66(2), pp. 359–388.
Khodarkovsky, M., 2002. Russia’s Steppe Frontier: The Making of Colonial Empire, 1300 - 1800. s.l.:Bloomington Indiana University Press.
King, C., 2004. The Black Sea: A History. s.l.:Oxford University Press.
Nicolle, D., 2010. Ottoman Fortifications 1300-1710. Oxford: Osprey Publishin.
Ostapchuk V., Bilyayeva S., 2009. The Ottoman Northen Black Sea Frontier at Akkerman Fortress: The View from a Historical and Archaeological Project. Proceedings of the British Academy, Issue 156, pp. 137–170.
Pepper, S., 2000. City Walls: The Urban Enceinte in Global Perspective. In: Ottoman military architecture in the early gunpowder era: A reassessment.. s.l.:s.n., pp. 283–316.
Woodhead, C., 2012. The Ottoman World. Rotledge ed. s.l.: London.
Brunov Y`.Y`., Vlasyuk, Kaplun, Ky`pary`sova, Maksy`mov, Chy`nyakov, 1956. Y`story`ya russkoj arxy`tekturы. Moskva
Sapozhny`kov, I., 2017. Konecz эpoxy` krepostej v severo-zapadnom Pry`chernomor`e. Scriptorium nostrum, 7(1), pp. 158–195.
Sen`, D., 2018. Krыmskoe xanstvo v konce XVII – nachale XVIII veka: vneshnyaya y` vnut-rennyaya poly`ty`ka v uslovy`yax novыx y`story`chesky`x “vыzovov». Y`zvesty`ya Vuzov, Issue 2, pp. 88–95.
Sereda, A., 2009. Sy`ly`sterensko-Ochakovsky`j eyalyat prez 18 - n na 20v.: Admy`ny`straty`vno - tery`tory`alno ustrojstvo, sely`shha y` naseleny`e a Severozapadnogo Pry`chernomory`e. Sofy`ya: Dy`o My`ra.
Ty`mofy`enko, V., 1986. Formy`rovany`e gradostroy`tel`noj kul`turы Yuga Ukray`nы. Ky`ev: NY`Y`NTY`.
Ty`mofiyenko, V., 1996. Rozplanuval`ni sy`stemy` pivdenny`x mist za ar-xivny`my` al`bomamy` kincya XVIII st.. Ukrayinoznavstvo, Issue 3, p. 130–155.
Chebotarenko, G., 1989. Krepost` na Dnestre. s.l.:
Shkvary`kov, V., 1954. Ocherk y`story`y` plany`rovany`ya y` zastrojky` russky`x gorodov. Moskva:
Yakovlev, V., 1931. Эvolyucy`ya dolgovremennoj forty`fy`kacy`y`.. Moskva: