SCHOOLS OF FOLK TEMPLE BUILDING, TYPES AND GROUPS OF CARPATHIAN CHURCHES

AS.
2019;
: 122-148
Authors:
1
National University "Lviv Polytechnic" Department of Architecture and Conservation

The author has identified four schools of folk temple construction along the Carpathian region (viz. Boiko, Hutsul, Lemko and Transcarpathian ones). Within the borders of Boiko historio-ethnographical massif there have been 2 types and 3 groups of churches, 1 type and 1 group have been spread in Hutsul land, 8 types in Lemko area. 8 groups of temples have been known within the borders of Transcarpathian historio-geographical region. In the course of research-works a conclusion has been appeared that the greater number of architectural projects in design of churches were realized along the Lemko and the Transcarpatian areas as well as in contact zones between the lands of Boikos, Transcarpathins, Hutsuls and Bukovinians. One might easily distinguish characteristic wooden churches of Boiko and Hutsul territories owing to the most integral architectural and constructive features of temple buildings.A discovery has been proved that Carpathian Ukrainians' church wooden architecture, forms and symbols of which represent and save the highlanders' consciousness of all-Ukrainian unity as well as bright regional specificity belong to a circle of historic phenomena and the highest expression of folk traditional constructive culture.

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