MASTER VASYL TURCHYNYAK - BUILDING CHURCH OF ST. YURIYA IN THE VILLAGE OF DULIBA, STRIYSKY DISTRICT: REALITY AND TALE

2021;
: 75-93
Authors:
1
National University "Lviv Polytechnic" Department of Architecture and Conservation

The idea of writing an article appeared during the elaboration of sources for historical and
cultural essay about the village Duliby of the Stryi District. In publications devoted to master
V.Turchinyak, the Duliby’s Church of St. Yuriy building., there are a number of provisions for which
I am as a historian, architect must react, highlight your vision of this figure. The relevance of the
topic is outlined.
The purpose of the publication is to consider extensive historiography, to highlight the current
state of study of life and artistic heritage of the builder Vasyl Turchinyak from Lug Nadvirna district.
The source base of the article is analyzed works devoted to V. Turchinyak, from the end of the XIX
century to the present.
For the first time talked about the master at the end of the XIX century, after a well-known
public figure and ethnographer Volodymyr Shukvevich visited him. It has been established that the
study of creativity of master V. Turchinyak activated at the end of 20th-early 21th century. This
determines the chronological limits of our research.
The participation of V. Turchinyak, Dulibian community and master in the construction of the
Chirch of St. Yuriy in the village of Duliby is expressed on detail.
The role of Father M. Datsishin in resurrection of memory of the of the prominent master, in
the dissemination of information about the Dulib’s Church of St. Yuriy is relevant.
It is shown what was based on the talent of the master V.Turchinyak, which allowed him to
organically combine architectural and constructive elements with the artistic, as he adapted the
traditional thread to the requirements of sacred monumental art, created a distinelive style. It was
found that the master V. Turchinyak, as most of the folk masters, was endowed with supernatural
abalities, as widespread revision of his beliefs, divination, and providence.
It is stated that in many today’s publications, we have a valid historical and cultural reality of
the creativity of V. Turchinyak, and a variety of oral folklore, in which his figure is grown by weight,
people poetize the master who loves and wants to be shown wiser than architect, engineer, and mister.
The research methodology is based on theoretical analysis, systematization and generalization,
historical examination and observation of the author.

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