Ensuring an effective state policy in the field of creation and functioning of the Cyber-Physical Systems (further – CPS) in Ukraine requires a detailed study of the current state and analysis of trends in the development of CPS, their types in the world in the field of agro-industry, the peculiarities of public governance mechanisms in the leading countries of the world and especially in the EU, improvement of regulatory and legal support on CPS in Ukraine, adopting national and international standards as national, on different requirements and technical characteristics necessary for the functioning of CPS, holding certification of their interoperability, provision of conditions for vocational training of qualified personnel and improvement of their qualification to manage CPS.
The development of automation and GPS-assisted vehicle management in the agricultural sector has established the concept of precision agronomy and precision agriculture, as well as automation in the production chain. However, such systems have significant drawbacks related to the flexibility, rationing, reliability, and real-time presentation of data.
The mechanisms of control and standardization of the creation and functioning of the CPS in the field of agro-industry are analyzed. Suggestions for improving these processes have been created. In order to create appropriate regulatory, technical and metrological assurance, the classification of CPS is proposed by different criteria, namely: by industry, by type of work performed, by nature of the movement, by type of management. Taking into account the risks of CPS is particularly important for the agricultural sector. From a technical point of view, risks were identified during the construction and operation of the CPS. They relate to data heterogeneity, reliability, data management, privacy, security, and large-scale processing of large amounts of data. Based on the experience of European countries, where the term cyber-physical systems is used to describe firmware embedded systems that are connected to services available worldwide through global networks such as the Internet, and their diverse potential for development and use, the use of the term “cyber-physical system” and its definition in the national regulatory framework.
Based on the global trends in the functioning of the CPS, the need for their certification is substantiated, which must confirm the requirements for its reliability, security, stability, and confidentiality.
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