COMPUTER SIMULATION OF THE INFLUENCE OF WIND POWER PLANTS ON THE COMPARTMENTS OF THE COMPLEX LANDSCAPE SYSTEM BY THE METHOD OF LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT

2020;
: pp. 9-23
1
Lviv Polytechnic National University, Ukraine
2
Lviv Polytechnic National University, Ukraine
3
Lviv Polytechnic National University, Ukraine
4
AGH University of Science and Technology, Poland

It is proposed to apply the concept of life cycle assessment of alternative energy sources, such as wind turbines, to assess their environmental impact. Through simulation modeling, using SimaPro software, obtained was an integrated system of indicators of the impact wind energy systems on the layers subsystems of the compartments of complex landscape systems. A process tree has been built to identify potential impacts, as well as to characterize, weigh, and rank them. Based on the assessment analysis of various environmental impacts, it was determined that significant consequences for the layers of the subsystems of the complex landscape systems compartments usually arise at the stage of transportation, installation, and erection of wind turbines, as well as the removal of individual components or the entire turbine at the end of its operation. It is shown that the study of all the processes alone, starting from the formation and ending with the utilization of landscape-technogenic systems will reveal the possible integrated effects of their impact on the environment.

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