Kinetics and Mechanism of the Ozone Reaction with Alcohols, Ketones, Ethers and Hydroxybenzenes

2016;
: pp. 531 – 551
Authors: 
Slavcho Rakovsky, Metody Anachkov, Mikhail Belitskii and Gennady Zaikov

Slavcho Rakovsky-1, Metody Anachkov-1, Mikhail Belitskii-2 and Gennady Zaikov

  1. Institute of Catalysis, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 11, Acad. G. Bonchev str., 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria; rakovsky@ic.bas.bg
  2. N.M. Emanuel Institute of Biochemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, 4, Kosygin str., 119334 Moscow, Russia

The review, based on 92 references, is focused on degradation of organics by ozonation and it comprises various classes of oxygen-containing organic compounds – alcohols, ketones, ethers and hydroxybenzenes. The mechanisms of a multitude of ozone reactions with these compounds in organic solvents are discussed in details, presenting the respective reaction schemes. The corresponding kinetic parameters are given and some thermodynamic parameters are also listed. The dependences of the kinetics and the mechanism of the ozonation reactions on the structure of the compounds, on the medium and on the reaction conditions are revealed. Various possible applications of ozonolysis are specified and discussed. All these reactions have practical importance for the protection of the environment.

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