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Lviv National Agrarian University, Department of Ecology
Lviv National Agrarian University, Department of Ecology
Lviv Polytechnic National University, Department of hydraulics and plumbing
Lviv Polytechnic National University, Department of hydraulics and plumbing

The diversity of landscape conditions in the territory of Ukraine is caused by the peculiarities of the geomorphological structure, zonal climatic, hydrogeological and seismic factors, which generally determines the area of distribution of exogenous geological processes (EGP). Most of these processes, namely landslides, karst formations, flooding and erosion of territories, mudflows are activated under natural conditions. The need to assess the engineering and geological status of areas with intensive development of hazardous hydrogeological processes and the impact of technogenic factors that determine the degree of change and spread of processes, are crucial for the safe development of industry and agriculture. Flood protection of settlements, territories and objects from flooding is an actual problem. Modern methods of flood protection on the rivers of the Ukrainian Carpathians are the regulation of river beds by means of hydrotechnical regulation structures. The purpose of the conducted researches is to analyze the factors influencing landslides and erosion phenomena in the foothills of the Ukrainian Carpathians and to choose the optimal flood protection of inhabited territories from destruction. In accordance with the requirements of the international monitoring of the environment of the observation network, the points of information gathering and processing need considerable improvement. Restoration of the system of constant monitoring of landslides, floods and washing of the banks and engineering structures on the rivers is essential in the places of their intensive development in dangerous areas. Obtaining reliable data on the place of formation, factors of activation and development of dangerous exogenous processes can significantly influence the decision making to prevent and eliminate the negative consequences of activation of these processes.

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