The relevance of the study lies in the fact that development of a market economy and enterprises themselves, especially in a highly competitive environment, is almost impossible without the active orientation of production structures towards innovative and intellectual activities. The question of the nature of intellectual capital and how it is measured is therefore relevant, since it is the efficient use of such capital that greatly improves the quality of information, and improve management technology and innovation.
Information for the management of economic entities is formed in accounting and does not lose its value in time for research and development of practical recommendations for the future. The Accounting Book of the Lviv Mint of 1656–1657, partially developed by historians, is a unique source of research and analytical experience in the management of public sector economic entities in emergencies, such as the war between the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Sweden (1655-1660).
A critical analysis of globalization processes in the economy is considered and conducted, with an emphasis on the factors of increasing competition. It is established that due to the development of scientific and technological progress of new approaches to socio- economic development requires the formulation of a new type of institutional environment. It is argued that an important tool for increasing the competitiveness of the economy are the processes of adaptive clustering.
The objective establishment of the level of efficiency (effectiveness) of the functioning of economic entities with the complexity of the architectonics of the economy becomes more problematic, and the system of criteria of efficiency becomes more complex and more debatable. In today’s financial and accounting theories and, as a consequence, the practice of financial management, there are a number of debating questions about the system of performance indicators, methods of formalization.
The existing provisions and regulations for the accounting of the written-off objects of the fixed assets and the working balances creation to cover the expenses of land restoration were investigated. Taking into consideration the peculiarities of the Ukrainian enterprises activity in the field of oil and gas industry, the problematic aspects within the accounting of the fixed assets and other non- circulating assets were investigated.
There are growing risks in the conduct of financial and economic activities by economic agents in the conditions of the modern economy, and because a reliable information base is needed both for management purposes and for market counterparties regarding the means actually available at an enterprise to overcome the risk of loss (reduction) of capital. Accounting and public reporting is the only tool that provides information in formalized data on the size of the reserve and insurance potential established by an entity.
The economic nature of intangible assets as components of trading company’s equity capital is disclosed. Theoretical and methodological provisions of intangible assets accounting are analyzed and the existing problematic aspects of reflecting these objects in the accounting system and financial reporting are presented. There are proposed some aspects of improving methodology of accounting intangible assets in their interrelation with the value of the trading company’s capital.
The aim of this study is to identify similarities between the accounting information
system and the logistics system of an individual economic entity. The background for this type
of analysis is provided by the characteristics and the role of the individual information
company where the key role regarding the economic information is played by accounting. The
presentation of the main characteristics and functions of accounting as well as the definition of
the notion and the characteristics of logistics will be followed by the answer to the question
Reveals the importance of historical research establishment and development of
accounting and analytical support for the system analysis of the current practices and current
research in the subject field of economics. Deals with the historical experience of accounting
and analytical maintenance of “Maslocoyuzom” which was a leader in the processing of milk
at Western in the first half of the twentieth century, including the structure and content of the
accounting and analytical information to support the appropriate management decisions in
In the article the problem of accounting policies of work-in-progress are researched.
Work-in-progress is one of the key objects of accounting because it directly influence on
financial position and financial results of enterprise. Despite the possibility of using
alternatives in accounting and reporting, the problem of accounting policies of work-in-
progress becomes relevant.
In the article theauthors’suggestions in part of isolatingelementsof accounting
policiesregardingwork in progress are summarized. Due attentionis given toestimation of