Sustainable Adsorption Removal of Nickel and Chromium on Eco-Friendly Industrial Waste: Equilibrium Study

Adsorption of nickel and chromium was investigated using fuller’s earth. The experimental data were analyzed using five 2-parameter adsorption models and three 3-parameter models. The maximum adsorption capacities for nickel and chromium were 769 and 556 mg/g, respectively. The Langmuir isotherm model was found to have the best fitting indicating monolayer adsorption. The adsorption was found to have an exothermic nature.

Adsorption of Pb Ions from Oily Wastewater by Anthraquinone Modified Carbon Nanotube

The aim of this research was to investigate the adsorption properties of anthraquinone modified carbon nanotube (ACNT) in oily wastewaters containing Pb ions. The modified adsorbents were characterized using Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy and SEM analysis. The adsorption and regeneration studies were conducted in batch mode using a Taguchi (L16) orthogonal array to optimize experimental runs. The controllable factors used in this study consisted of: pH of the solution (A); adsorbent dosage (B); adsorbent type (C); contact time (D); temperature (F).

Adsorption of Oligomeric Peroxides on Aerosil and Magnesium Oxide and Their Behavior on the Water-Air Phases Interface

Oligomeric peroxide adsorption of sebacic acid on aerosil and magnesium oxide was studied. Adsorption process parameters were found. It is shown that the adsorption takes place through the hydrogen bonds formation between OH– groups of adsorbents surface and peroxide groups. The adsorption process suggests the behavior of peroxide compounds on the water-air phase’s interface. Monomolecular film formations on water surface for oligomeric peroxides were studied.

Kinetics and Isotherm Studies on Adsorption of Hexavalent Chromium Using Activated Carbon from Water Hyacinth

The present study is focused on the use of activated carbon derived from water hyacinth (WH-AC) as adsorbent for the removal of Cr(VI) from aqueous solution. The optimized WH-AC was found to be mesoporous and considered as granular. The surface area of 11.564 m2/g was found to have a good adsorption capacity. The adsorption data of the optimized WH-AC followed a pseudo-second order kinetics and the Freundlich isotherm model.

Use of Activated Clinoptilolite for Direct Dye-Contained Wastewater Treatment

This work reveals a method of complex thermal and chemical activation of natural clinoptilolite from Sokyrnytsky deposit. The chemical activation of a mineral was carried out by HCl solutions treatment at various ratios of liquid-to-solid phases. With the use of thermal and infrared (IR) spectroscopic analyses, the adsorption property of a natural and activated clinoptilolite has been examined for water vapor. The ability of complexly activated clinoptilolite to adsorb direct dyes from their aqua solutions has been investigated.

Synthesis and properties of silica nanoparticles with functional polymer shell

Cross-linked nanocomposite hydrogels based on poly(acryl amide) and mineral nanoparticles (NP) of hydroxyapatite (HAP), ZnO, TiO2 modified by reactive polymers were synthesized via the technique of polymerization filling. It was shown that physico-mechanical properties of obtained nanocomposites are determined to a great extend by the nature of the modifier of mineral NP.

Optimized method for measuring of positron annihilation lifetime spectra in nanomaterials with extended porosity for sensor applications

An optimized by hardware complexity method for measuring of positron annihilation lifetime spectra was proposed and used to investigation of humidity-sensitive MgO-Al2O3 ceramics with advanced nanoporosity. Positron-positronium annihilation spectrum were analyzed using four-component fitting procedures. It is shown that this technique can be used to investigation of nanopores transformation in humidity-sensitive MgO-Al2O3 ceramics as porosimetry method. It is shown that Tao-Eldrup model can be used for study of size of nanopores smaller then 1,5 nm.

Сорбція іонів хрому із водних розчинів природним клиноптилолітом

The adsorption properties of Transcarpathian clinoptilolite regarding Cr (VI) ions is studied. It was found that the adsorption isotherm has s-like form and belongs to the isotherm of type II. It is established that the adsorption proceeds further after the formation of monomolecular adsorption layer. It leads to the cteation of dimolecular layer. Вивчено адсорбційні властивості закарпатського клиноптилоліту стосовно іонів  Cr (VI). З’ясовано, що ізотерма адсорбції має s-подібний вигляд і належить до ізотерми  ІІ типу.

Порівняльні дослідження перспективних методів очищення природних вод

The different methods of water purification from bacteria of the genus Bacillus are observed. The comparative characteristics of these methods is made. Розглянуто різні методи очищення води від бактерій роду Bacillus. Зроблена порівняльна характеристика цих методів.