The relevance of the study lies in the fact that development of a market economy and enterprises themselves, especially in a highly competitive environment, is almost impossible without the active orientation of production structures towards innovative and intellectual activities. The question of the nature of intellectual capital and how it is measured is therefore relevant, since it is the efficient use of such capital that greatly improves the quality of information, and improve management technology and innovation.
The origins and the evolution of the balance sheet in the system of theoretical and conceptual foundations of balance theories are considered. The researches of scientists of Galicia of the second half of XIX - first half of XX century are analyzed. the accounting paradigms they have formed and theoretical developments with a view to their contribution to improving the balance sheet structure.
The article scrutinises the specification pertinence of the category “logistic assets” as well as their structures and performance efficiency indices. In particular, the composition of the fixed assets, constituting the main interest from the point of view of Logistics according to the adopted in accounting classification, is determined; the industrial (technological) structure of fixed assets for different types of enterprises from the point of view of Logistics is provided; the composition of current assets constituting the main interest from the point of view of Logistics is analysed.
The application of international financial reporting standards (IFRS) in Ukraine has led
to contradictory approaches in business accounting of enterprises. First and foremost it is
connected with different tasks which are solved by accounting and IFRS. The combination of
such different tasks is likely to cause the inability of accounting records to perform its core
functions and its essence would be distorted. The article describes the possible approaches to
solving the problem of the accounting and IFRS coexistence.