The article focuses on the main problems of metrological confirmation of measuring instruments in accordance with international requirements and considers possible directions of their solution. One of the main tasks of metrology is assurance of the uniformity of measurements, that is, the state of measurements, in which their results are expressed in the legal units, and the characteristics of errors or uncertainty of measurements are known with a certain probability and do not exceed the established limits.
The article deals with the development of the reference means of support and metrological insurance required for metrological verification and calibration of beta and gamma radiation dosimeters. The latter are extremely necessary for dosimetric measurements of radiation characteristics in the field of radiation safety, radiation diagnosis and therapy.
Digital frequency synthesizers are widely used in various fields of technology. Their main advantages, compared to analog devices, are the accuracy of output signal, resistance to external factors, reliability and high performance. Their structures include the digital storage device (accumulative adder) and a comparison scheme. Basing the latest the two-level digital frequency synthesizers are developed. They are the subset of digital frequency synthesizers, in which the output signals are two-levelled.
Ensuring the unity and metrological traceability of measurement results becomes the key component necessary to reach market confidence in the results of calibrations, tests or measurements. Important aspect of maintaining the ability of the laboratory to receive metrological traceability and reliable measurement results is to determine the maximum permissible period between two calibrations of the standards and measuring instruments that provides the acceptable accuracy of measurements during their operation.