The article deals with the peculiarities of the emergence and development of basic models of constitutional justice. The formation of a particular model of constitutional control in each country is linked to the historical, social, economic, national, legislative preconditions for the emergence of a particular model. Described the main features of the European, American and amparo models of constitutional justice. Emphasized that in the territory of our country the issue of the creation of a constitutional justice body was impossible before Ukraine gained independence.
The article is devoted to the analyzis of the court's decision of Constitutional Court ofUkraine and some other constitutional courts decisionswhich refer to legal certainty. As the27result it is defined in which way the content of that principle is revealed in the constitutionaljurisdiction, the link between the legal certainty and the rule of law is clarified. It is stated thatdespite the absence of normative fixing of legal certainty in the Constitution of Ukraine thislegal principle is widely used, its meaning is revealed within the European tradition.
The article analyzes the problem of constitutional control of the US Supreme Court in the context of its historical development. The US Supreme Court, in the exercise of its judicial function, establishes the constitutionality of statutory acts and actions of public authorities and their officials. It has been determined that two diametrically opposed concepts have historically emerged about the advisability of the Supreme Court of the United States to address issues of political importance -“judicial restraint” and “judicial activism”.
In the article the features of functioning and activities of constitutional jurisdiction in the legal systems of the Western tradition of law. Defined constitutional courts and important tool for the protection of constitutional legitimacy through constitutional review and interpretation activities.