defects

ANALYSIS OF INFLUENCE OF MAIN TYPES OF DEFECTS AND DAMAGE ON THE BEARING CAPASITY OF REINFORCED CONCRETE ELEMENTS

In nowadays economic trends, there is a need in changes in the usage of buildings and structures. This usually leads to the changes loading and character of the loadings type on the building structures, with the subsequent need to assess the technical condition and the replacement or enhancement of certain elements. Also, objects, which need the reconstruction in order to be reequipped or changed it functionality, that have designs which were used under the influence of an aggressive environment or other factors which were not taken into account.

INFLUENCE OF DEFECTS OF THE WORKING REBAR ON THE BEARING CAPACITY OF THE REINFORCED CONCRETE BEAMS

Every construction is influenced by different factors during operation. As a result, there are various defects and damage of these elements, which affects their operating condition. One of such defects is the corrosion of the working rebar. Investigation of samples with corrosion is a complicated and labor-intensive process. Instead of corrosive effects, we perform controlled valves of damaged. In this way, we obtained experimental samples with a fixed value of reducing the diameter of the valve.

Problems for improvement law of Ukraine on social service

The legal problems of legislation of Ukraine are analysed about social service. Examples of reiterations, blanks and contradictions are made in a legislation. The legal signs of different methods of systematization (to the account, incorporation, consolidation, codification) are considered. It is well-proven that consolidation is the most effective method of organization of legal recommendations and simplification of procedure of realization of right on social service.