The possibilities of using enterosorbents as mineral additives for bioprophylaxis and prevention of heavy metal retention in the body due to possible food contamination as a result of ecosystem biobalance and their accumulation in livestock bioproducts are analyzed. The dynamics of changes in physiological parameters of the body of experimental animals under the influence of heavy metals depending on the used enterosorbents as effective preventive measures that can reduce the level of lead in the blood and liver of animals in intoxication to control levels.
Pulp and paper enterprises are of great importance for sustainable economic and environmental development of certain regions and the economy of Ukraine. Man uses many natural resources during the lifetime, creating a burden on nature. As the world's population increases, this load increases, leading to a shortage of resources and deterioration in the environment. The main activity of Kokhavynska Paper Mill PJSC is the production of sanitary products for the domestic market and export.
The paper presents the analysis of soil and phytomass contamination due to the functioning of air transport. The major issues revealed include extremely high level of soil contamination with petroleum products and an increased content of heavy metals both in soil and phytomass. The toxicity testing has demonstrated considerable pathogenic potential of soil from the airport area.
In the present study, the authors demonstrate the accumulation of heavy metals in water and soft tissues of bivalve mollusks (Dreissena polymorpha, Dreissena bugensis) in the Kakhovka Main Canal within the Kherson and Zaporizhzhia regions (Ukraine) in the summer season (July–August 2018). The average metal concentrations in water decrease in the following order: Ni>Zn>Cr>Co>Cu>Cd.
Heavy metals in the environment are a source of some concern because of their potential reactivity, toxicity, and mobility in the soil. Zeolites have been used as a adsorbents to prevent potentially toxic metal contamination stemming from mining waste disposal. These materials are characterized by a high cation exchange capacity (CEC) and a predominance of negative charges, favoring their potential utilization in metal cation immobilization. It is widely used in laboratory research and industrial applications. Many physical and chemical processes occur at different interfaces.
The problem of permanent and prolonged pollution of soils by various kinds of pollutants, in particular heavy metals, was analyzed. Experimental investigations of penetration of copper sulfate into a vertical soil profile have been carried out. The adsorption capacity of the sandy environment of copper sulfate
was experimentally determined.
The intensity of heavy metals, natural and anthropogenic radionuclides are studied in the cultivated plants and soil in the vicinity of the western coast of Georgia. It is shown that the intensity of their accumulation depends on the type of plant, the place of sampling and the ecological zone. The highest rate of natural radionuclides is 40K, and the lowest - 226Ra, from the technogenic radionuclides the high-quality activeness is characterized to 137Cs, and its accumulation is the highest in the soil. From the hard metals, the plants most actively absorb lead and cadmium.
The research represented in the given work concerns studying the organoleptic, chemical and microbiological indicators in the drinking water on the territory of the Ajara Autonomous Republic. Particularly, among the organoleptic indicators the scent, taste and color of the drinking water have been
determined; as for the chemical indicators – pH, ammonia and nitrite- and out of the heavy metals – lead, arsenic, cadmium and zinc have been determined.
Today there is a need for the development of new technologies of waste utilization, especially biowaste such as fallen leaves because it can accumulate a variety of harmful compounds, including heavy metals. One of the methods of its processing is composting. On the other hand, these leaves can be used to improve soil condition by bioconversion. Actually, a promising way for the realization of this problem is the use of vermiculture technology with the addition of red Californian earthworms.
The article presents experimental studies of the adsorption capacity of zeolite in relation to Cu2 + and Сr3 + ions in a column type apparatus. The comparison of theoretical calculations and the results of experimental studies of the process of compatible adsorption of copper and chromium ions on zeolite in dynamic conditions was presented. Experimental data of dynamics of adsorption of ion of cuprum and chromium zeolite in a column type apparatus were presented. The exhaustion time and breakthrough time for different sorts at different bed depth have been set.