The pressing questions of methodology of cognition of scientific theories are considered. The scientific theories of modern jurisprudence, their structure are investigated. Development of jurisprudental theories is grounded in the general structure of scientific theories. Pay attention to the organization of law as a science. The problem of cost freedom of science, that us will interest different character and touch, is considered. It be comes firmly established that every science uses the tool of logic.
In the reviewed monograph refers to a personality as a sensible and intelligent being, of his knowledge and values, of freedom and consciousness, which are manifestations of the aspiration of a personality towards being. The main way of human existence in the world is to be a personality. Today, there is a danger of levelling the personal beginning of human existence, when the science of man is increasingly naturalized, neurolyzed and computerized. Such a levelling leads to post-humanism and post-humanity. It is on one side.
In the article about the miracle, the author sketches briefly the history of philosophy of miracle, in which the miracle appears as a manifestation of the significance of being and truth in this world. The miracle is considered from Antiquity (Plato and Aristotle) till contemporary phenomenologists, who are the representatives of the theological or religious turn in phenomenology (Marion, Manoussakis, Kearney).
Розкрито питання становлення категорії поетичного образу в архітектурно- предметному середовищі.
The article is devoted to the problems of the theory of the cognitive process, which is connected not only with the establishment of the truth, but with the presence of unequal approaches to the methodology of philosophical and legal science. The issue of the reversibility of the process of cognition, ethical knowledge, which has moral and value criteria, which should be discussed in order to develop the knowledge of the integrative methodology, has been violated.
The article actualizes the eternal needs for aspiration to pursue the truth by means of legal communication. Whether it is possible to implement this aim on the basis of principles of its formation is not a merely rhetorical question. It is the meta-anthropological approach that shows the way to solve this dilemma.
In order to elaborate on this topic, the works of Ukrainian thinkers (60s of XIX — 70s of XX c.) are analyzing (Orest Novуts’ky, Olexy Kozlov, Nicholas Berdyaev, Sergey Bulhakov, Metropolitan Ilarion (Ohijenko), Patriarch and Cardinal Joseph Slipyj). The idea of God in the structure of man and Universe, the idea of interaction of good and evil, light and darkness become the object of our research. On the basis of the universal model «now—once» and the universal relation «God—man-God» the historical memory as an interdisciplinary space is considered.
The problem of the relation of science and humanitarian and scientific knowledge is regarded as one of central problems of modern epistemology and philosophy of science. This article describes three most common approaches (positions) in relation to the resolution of the problem. The first one, a traditional position, gives priority to the methodology of natural sciences. The second position is based on the neo-Kantian tradition and claims priority to the humanities. The third one, “moderate” position, rejects two first absolute positions.
In the article, the main categories of moral and religious consciousness (grace, faith, truth, love, morality, salvation, virtue, etc) are analysed and the features of their interrelation are shown. The use of the historical and genetic methods and the categorical analysis method allows to reveal the philosophical meaning of the main conceptions of Modern Times' morality and religion, their correlation and identify their relation to the processes taking place in the European spiritual life today.