The dynamic changes of today are manifested in the redistribution of the roles of the subject and the object of communication in the context of the growth of their professional knowledge. Therefore, in the context of modern information culture, the educational paradigm of information transformation is also significantly altered. The outward expression of a lawyer’s professional culture is evident in his rhetorical and communicative culture. It also reflects the entire socio-cultural experience that combines the components of the specialized and the ordinary.
The article analyzes the study of the genesis of legal activity in the Anglo-American legal family on the examples of the “maternal” legal systems of England and the USA, as well as the peculiarities of the activity of lawyers in various spheres of public life, the variety of legal specialties, forms and areas of participation of lawyers in law-making, enforcement, the activities of law enforcement agencies and human rights organizations, the provision of legal services.
In civilized democratic states, an advocate is an integral factor in the legal system and the main non-state institution for the protection of the individual, his rights and freedoms. Thus, the lawyer, in the fullest sense of the word, defines the right to legal protection or legal assistance provided by lawyers to those in need. Advocacy is an extremely important instrument of democracy, because in essence it is the organization of professional advocates and performs such a public function as protecting the fundamental rights of the individual.
The article is devoted to defining the general principles of the organization and functioning of the bar in foreign countries. Particular attention is paid to the analysis of primary, secondary and tertiary levels, national and supranational standards of legal support for the functioning of the bar in the EU. The article deals with the general principles of the organization and functioning of the lawyers of the United Kingdom, Germany, France, the USA. Particular attention is devoted to the establishment of the Institute of Advocacy in modern developed countries.
The article analyzes the role of the Ukrainian Bar Institute in the mechanism ofprotection of human and citizen’s rights and freedoms. Attention is drawn to the fact that themodern component of the characteristics of the national bar association is directly related to14the change of vector not only in the field of improvement of the judicial system, but also as anindependent civil society institute formed in Ukraine.
Adequate legal protection in the criminal process plays a leading role, as it is an
extremely important and obligatory element of state and public development, and serves as the
basis for the formation of a democratic rule of law and civil society. Building a rule of law is
impossible without respecting the guarantees of human rights protection, without providing a
clear mechanism for the functioning of such a specific democratic institution, such as the bar.
The value of legal institutions that are called upon to protect human rights is growing
The article is devoted to the review of the notion of the principle of adversarialism and
the proof of a reasonable relationship between the competition principle, the equality of the
parties and the activity of the court in order to ensure equality of evidence of the parties’
capabilities, which should be in line with the tendencies towards the socialization of the
functions of justice.
Principles of advocacy have an indisputable significance to characterize the functional
and organizational foundations of the advocacy, as they are the basic principles defining the
essence of advocacy and advocacy. Advocacy principles allow to explore the functional and
organizational foundations of the advocacy through the system of ideas enshrined in the
legislation, each of which reflects a certain specific the beginning, and collectively
In civilized democratic states, an advocate is an integral factor in the legal system and
the main non-state institution for the protection of the individual, his rights and freedoms.
Thus, the lawyer, in the fullest sense of the word, defines the right to legal protection or legal
assistance provided by lawyers to those in need. Advocacy is an extremely important
instrument of democracy, because in essence it is the organization of professional advocates
The multidimensionality of the research process as a whole, expressed in the presence of many directions or lines in the research of that or other phenomenon of reality. These lines are part of the totality of creative process, is one that is carried out, among other things, by analyzing the system of knowledge that exists in a particular field of science.