The article presents legislative changes to the Law on the Print Media, including the Media Act and the Misinformation Act. The features of the modern stage of communication and functioning of information in it and manipulation of it with the purpose of hostile influence on the conscientiousness of the communicators are characterized. The harmful effects of the hybrid information war have been pointed out. Separate opinions have been expressed on the provisions of the bills under discussion.
The article deals with memes as expressive rhetorical resource in media representations of the Russian-Ukrainian hybrid war and military conflict. It explores textual slogans of Russian propaganda that serve to legitimize external aggression. When these units are mirrored as intertextual material in the Ukrainian counter-discourse, they become critical targets for deconstructing fakes and decontamination of manipulative programs. The network of memetic signs is subordinated to the task of symbolic identification of conflict sides and their objectives.
The notion of misinformation revealed difference misinformation and fake. The classification of fake on the various grounds is made, it is also found out the types of information to spread on the Internet. The essence and origin of the term “fake” describes the creation and dissemination of fake information in the social media. The typical examples of fake information in the Ukrainian media space, revealed the impact of such messages to users of social networks.