The phenomenon of the nation in the scientific discussion: to the methodology of the problem of historical continuity of the nation and state

The prevailing approaches in the domestic and world scientific thought are the
approaches to the essence of the concept of “nation”, its content and volume, the time of
appearance, as well as the relationship with the concepts of “ethnos” and “people”. It is
emphasized that the concept of “nation” most often correlates with the concepts of “ethnos”
and “people”. The idea is that the nation is a people that is exalted by the stockpile of state
forces, endowed with the ability to identify and separate from other nations the state borders,

Феномен нації у науковому дискурсі: до методології проблеми історичної спадкоємності нації та держави

Висвітлено панівні у вітчизняній та світовій науковій думці підходи щодо сутності
поняття «нація», його змісту й обсягу, часу появи, а також взаємозв’язку з поняттями
«етнос» і «народ». Наголошено на тому, що поняття «нація» найчастіше корелює з
поняттями «етнос» і «народ». Висловлено думку, що нація – це народ, піднесений
запасом державницьких сил, наділений змогою до самоідентифікації й відмежування від
інших націй державними кордонами, а також - інтегрування інших націй до складу своєї
держави на правах національних меншин.

Protecting the freedom, independence and sovereignty in the political and legal concepts of Hegel

The problem of protecting freedom, independence and sovereignty in the philosophical, political and legal concepts of the great German philosopher GVF Hegel. German philosopher made a profound analysis of the role and place of the state in the development and functioning of society. He is one of the first drew attention to the need to protect the state of freedom, independence and sovereignty of aggression. In this respect, revealed the role and place of the people and the army to protect their country.

H. V. Leibnic – anoutstandind thinker of western-european science and cu hure (devoted to 300-years since death)

The article deals with some scientific, philosophical, socially-legal, religious concepts of brilliant German philosopher Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz. Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz made a huge contribution to the organization and creation of scientific institutions in English, Italy, Germany, Russia and France. Due to his scientific and theoretical creativity he was ahead of his time, formulated the ideas that formed the basis of many modern sciences.

The word, which is ensuited to national spirit (to 150 years of the birth of m. Gryshevskiy)

One of the genial features of patriarch of Ukrainian national aspiration and his role as creator of history-ownership of selfless talent to communicate and to manage the history of nation by the word is considered in this article. Spaces in scientific reseaches of his patrimony need to be overcome for a new features of portrait of M. Gryshevskiy in the context of objective assessments him as the master of awakening of Ukrainian society by dialog with them.

Kant: war and peace. A difficult way to perpetual peace

The present article studies the problem of war and peace from the essay “To Perpetual Peace” by the prominent German philosopher Immanuel Kant. The attention is drawn to theoretical and philosophical comprehension of the problem of war and its social consequences, and to the ways to achieve perpetual peace. In his literary work the German philosopher reveals dialectics of interconnection of politics, law, morality and their role in achieving perpetual peace, creatively applying theoretical and methodological approach.

The substance of the legal nature of the national goverment

The article examines the place and role of the national state and the substance of the creative process. Particular attention is paid to the national spirit, national mentality and national consciousness of the individual in public-power mechanisms. Attempting to determine the national substance in transformational paradigm of modern society.