The essence of people’s sovereignty as a legal phenomenon is clarified and its author’s definition for the science of constitutional law is proposed.
The prevailing approaches in the domestic and world scientific thought are the
approaches to the essence of the concept of “nation”, its content and volume, the time of
appearance, as well as the relationship with the concepts of “ethnos” and “people”. It is
emphasized that the concept of “nation” most often correlates with the concepts of “ethnos”
and “people”. The idea is that the nation is a people that is exalted by the stockpile of state
forces, endowed with the ability to identify and separate from other nations the state borders,
Висвітлено панівні у вітчизняній та світовій науковій думці підходи щодо сутності
поняття «нація», його змісту й обсягу, часу появи, а також взаємозв’язку з поняттями
«етнос» і «народ». Наголошено на тому, що поняття «нація» найчастіше корелює з
поняттями «етнос» і «народ». Висловлено думку, що нація – це народ, піднесений
запасом державницьких сил, наділений змогою до самоідентифікації й відмежування від
інших націй державними кордонами, а також - інтегрування інших націй до складу своєї
держави на правах національних меншин.
The problem of protecting freedom, independence and sovereignty in the philosophical, political and legal concepts of the great German philosopher GVF Hegel. German philosopher made a profound analysis of the role and place of the state in the development and functioning of society. He is one of the first drew attention to the need to protect the state of freedom, independence and sovereignty of aggression. In this respect, revealed the role and place of the people and the army to protect their country.
The article deals with some scientific, philosophical, socially-legal, religious concepts of brilliant German philosopher Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz. Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz made a huge contribution to the organization and creation of scientific institutions in English, Italy, Germany, Russia and France. Due to his scientific and theoretical creativity he was ahead of his time, formulated the ideas that formed the basis of many modern sciences.
One of the genial features of patriarch of Ukrainian national aspiration and his role as creator of history-ownership of selfless talent to communicate and to manage the history of nation by the word is considered in this article. Spaces in scientific reseaches of his patrimony need to be overcome for a new features of portrait of M. Gryshevskiy in the context of objective assessments him as the master of awakening of Ukrainian society by dialog with them.
The article analyzes D. Dontsov’s views on the division of a society into active minority and passive majority. The research dwells upon the place of the national leading stratum, its structure, main characteristic features and the role in the development of a nation and a state.
The present article studies the problem of war and peace from the essay “To Perpetual Peace” by the prominent German philosopher Immanuel Kant. The attention is drawn to theoretical and philosophical comprehension of the problem of war and its social consequences, and to the ways to achieve perpetual peace. In his literary work the German philosopher reveals dialectics of interconnection of politics, law, morality and their role in achieving perpetual peace, creatively applying theoretical and methodological approach.
Fight of Taras Shevchenko against royal autocracy, the whole political, legal and administrative system is considering in article. In witty satirical form poet is opening in humane, unlegal degree of feudal and autocracy system, despotism of power.
The article examines the place and role of the national state and the substance of the creative process. Particular attention is paid to the national spirit, national mentality and national consciousness of the individual in public-power mechanisms. Attempting to determine the national substance in transformational paradigm of modern society.