Representative democracy as a form of implementation national sovereignty

The article looks at the nature of representative democracy as a form of realization of
popular sovereignty. The relationship of popular sovereignty and representative democracy is
analyzed. The necessity of using an expanded approach to the circle of people’s representatives
is substantiated. The normative, political and social requirements concerning the procedure
for the election of representatives of the people and the procedure for exercising their powers
in the context of the implementation of the people’s sovereignty are investigated.

Features, logic and parametrs of operationalization of president-parliamentary semi-presidentialism in European countries

In contemporary Political Science, semi-presidential  system of government is usually  understood as a structure of inter-institutional relations which simultaneously provides a popularly elected for a fixed term president and a prime minister/cabinet collectively responsible to a parlament. Nevertheless, different attributes and indicators of semi- presidentialism allow arguing that the analyzed system of government is very diverse and heterogeneous.