Among the large number of well-known and widely used active mineral additives of natural and artificial origin, zeolitic tuffs, an aluminosilicate with microporous framework structure, are of a great interest. Porous active mineral additives also include expanded perlite, which is obtained by thermal treatment of natural perlite – alkaline aluminum silicate glass. The activity of zeolite and perlite is connected to their ability to react with Са(ОН)2 and SO42-. In addition to the composition, their dispersion also has a significant impact on the activity level of mineral additives.
Production of Portland cement is one of the most energy intensive among building materials, it is accompanied by significant CO2 emissions: 0,7 to 1 ton per 1 ton of cement, depending on manufacturing technology. Therefore, replacement of Portland cement clinker with active mineral additives of natural or synthetic origin is environmentally and economically viable, while not causing significant adverse changes in the properties of cement binders.