A mathematical model of rheological behavior of silica suspension in hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose solution was investigated. The model takes into account the friction between particle aggregates, particle aggregates and macromolecules in solution and between macromolecules in solution as well as the formation of well ordered layers contained solid particles, adsorbed macromolecules and macromolecules in the holes between particles in aggregates at the large shear rates.
This article describes the reservoir’s average shear rate calculation and the rheological study of the polymer dispersion under the target reservoir conditions. It also identifies and quantifies the rock-fluid interaction parameters with this reservoir, including the total adsorption, residual resistance factor. The results confirm that the selected polymer is suitable to the target reservoir.
The chemical composition of cell membranes of microscopic fungi destroying polymeric materials is analyzed. The concentrations of the major chemical components – phospholipids, glycans, and amines – in nine types of fungi are estimated. The measured ratios of these components provide an estimate of the hydrophobic properties of conidia, controlling microorganism adhesion to polymer surface and subsequent degradation of polymeric materials.
Synthetic polymer hydrogels constitute a group of biomaterials, used in numerous biomedical disciplines, and are still developing for new promising applications. The aim of this study is to review information about well known and the newest hydrogels, show the importance of water uptake and cross-linking type and classify them in accordance with their chemical structure.
The most typical behaviour features of polymer nanocomposites filled with dispersed calcium carbonate were considered. The quantitative analysis was carried out within the frameworks of structural model: the cluster model of polymers amorphous state structure and fractal analysis. It has been shown that all changes of the considered nanocomposites properties were defined by polymeric matrix structure variations, which are due to nanofiller introduction.
Modification of polyamide-6 by polyvinylpyrrolidone with molecular mass of 12000±2000 has been carried out using their mixing in formic acid solution followed by solvent evaporation. The possibility of films permolecular structure control, physico-mechnical and thermophysical properties by treatment conditions after their formation has been established.