The article is devoted to the study of the current state of scientific, technical and innovative activities in Ukraine based on the analysis of international rankings and domestic information sources, identifies the main problems that influence the innovative development of Ukraine and human capital, the developed methodical approaches to forecasting of evolution of personnel potential of domestic science for the next decades are analyzed..
The author of the review analyzes the book that focuses on three challenges of evolution to religion: teleology, origin of a human being, and the evolution of religion itself. De Smedt and Helen De Cruz show how these tensions arise and offer potential responses for religion. Individual religions can meet these challenges, if some of their metaphysical assumptions are adapted or abandoned.
Jan Łukasiewicz's article "Creativity in Science" is translated into Ukrainian for the first time.
For the first time, the article “Creativity in Science” by Jan Łukasiewicz, a well-known representative of the Lviv-Warsaw School, logician and methodologist of science, was translated into Ukrainian. A well-known logician refutes the thesis that sciences exist only to reproduce facts and establish truths based on them. Sciences exist to meet the intellectual needs of man, which are manifested in his desire to understand. Reasoning is a creative act that includes demonstration, deduction, affirmation and understanding, as well as creation of hypotheses.
The article deals with the specifics of the coverage of popular science materials on the site of the BBC Ukraine and Novoe Vremya in the sections “Science and Technology” and “Techno”. Content of headings, frequency of output of materials, genres, specificity is analyzed. Emphasis is placed on the special role of popular science journalism in educating a new generation of scientists.
In this review, a book which was written by American theoretical physicists Shon Carroll is considered. He suggests his point of view on the Universe and reality called poetic naturalism. Its main principle is realism and objectivism. The author explains his conception by supporting it with specific examples and modern researches in the field of theoretic physics. He discusses such topics as consciousness, cognition, and thinking. The main alternative for his conception he considers to be the ones which are using dualistic, theistic or idealistic notions.
The pressing questions of methodology of cognition of scientific theories are considered. The scientific theories of modern jurisprudence, their structure are investigated. Development of jurisprudental theories is grounded in the general structure of scientific theories. Pay attention to the organization of law as a science. The problem of cost freedom of science, that us will interest different character and touch, is considered. It be comes firmly established that every science uses the tool of logic.
Methodological situation in the modern jurisprudence, the main peculiarity of which
there is transition from monistic methodology to philosophical and methodological pluralism,
is described in the article.
For the first time, full data on the scientific and pedagogical work of Professor Volodymyr Nykyforov is published. The main stages of his work for 30 years are considered. The basic results of fundamental research and applied developments of the scientist are discussed.
The article deals with the problem of technical education development in Halychyna in European context. Allocated and summarizes the economical and political factors that define new approaches and forms of the technical education development in Europe.