society

Justice as the basic function of the judicial uthority

An important problem – legal mechanism of realization of basic function of department
judicial of justice is considered In the article. A role of other functions of department judicial is
in providing of realization of justice. Argued, constitutional legal nature of justice which
confirms its exceptional nature among the functions of department judicial.

Theoretical and legal analysis of the relationship between the state and the christian religion in the «philosophy of law» Hegel

Analyzed scientific views of the great German philosopher Hegel’s dialectic relationship
and on relations between the state and the Christian religion. In his work «Philosophy of Law»
German philosopher deeply and comprehensively reveals the role and place of state not only in
the development and functioning of society, but also the Christian religion as an important
institution in the formation of spirituality and high morality in society.

The problem of defining the concept of public power in the theory of state and law

The issues of the public authority nature and content are analyzed, and the scientific approaches of this concept understanding are characterized in this scientific article. On the basis of this, the public power structure, features and the main implementation forms are clarified. In particular, attention is drawn to the correlation of socio-political, state and public authorities. The common and distinctive features are determined, in particular, the author draws attention on the nature of the exercise of such power, the subject structure and territory.

Philosophical and legal sources of citizenship

In this article I try to analyze the philosophical and legal sources of the concept of citizenship, its essence and legal nature. Specifically, I want to emphasize the ancient chronologic political and historical phase of its evolution, when the concept of citizenship was founded with the precise philosophical and legal interpretation and legislative adoption, which
remains duly till now.
 

Problem deviations in the legal system socio-cultural changes

On the basis of a thorough analysis of scientific papers highlighted the problem of deviations in the legal system of social and cultural change. It was found that the phenomenon of deviance ambivalent nature and can mean both negative and positive social change. In the scientific literature rejection divided into primary and secondary. Those terms that society is negligible, considered primary, and subjects who commits them, do not qualify as devianta because they do not violate social norms.

Philosophical concept of deviance (end of ХІХ – mid ХХ century)

The article outlines the main areas of research deviance as a social phenomenon in philosophical and legal context. Tracked the evolution of human behavior in the philosophical and legal discourse. Investigated that deviant behavior from the time of the emergence of a society always represented a danger to social stability, endanger the lives of people, societies, was considered undesirable, and a society trying to prevent and, if possible, block unwanted forms of human life.

Problems of war and peace in the philosophy of Kant, Hegel, Fichte

Discusses the problems of war and peace in German classical philosophy, prominent representatives of which were I. Kant, G. Hegel, I. Fichte. These and other thinkers in their theoretical writings not only analyze philosophical problems of society, but paid considerable attention, politics, law, morality, and the nature of social effects of the war. They offered interesting ideas of peaceful coexistence of mankind. Philosophical, political, legal, social concepts of prominent German thinkers have not lost their social values and they are extremely important.

Design concept “social state” in the historical aspect

History today is followed the idea of the welfare state and highlighted the practice of institutionalization and functioning. The specific features of its accumulation and redistribution of national resources are studied. The experience of implementation patronage role of the stat are carefully considered. Mixed economic, political, ethical, psychological and other consequences of its implementation in daily life are explained. The state is subject to a civil society and endowed with supreme authority. It acts as the system of social categories.

Value of law: anthropological dimension

In the article the social value of law as the determining feature of the legal and social reality. The right is seen not only as a compulsory code of conduct in society, and as a full element of social reality that affects all of the structural system of social processes. In particular, the fundamental methodological problems studied law epistemological limits and possibilities of knowledge of law, the right relationship with the professional culture of lawyer, legal philosophical understanding of reality, unity of values and truth in the law.

Formation of new type of human and transformation of religiosity in the information society

The article analyses religion of a modern person, considering the role of the Internet and virtual reality in the information society. Modern society is an open information society in which the main role in economic,  political and cultural development is information. There can be distinguished the following features of Information Society: fast growing of electronic information resources, free dissemination of information and free access to it.