Wave Effects in revised calculations of dynamic loads crane hardware at start / brake bridge cranes.

The specified calculations for dynamic crane steel structures loadings of bridge cranes in processes of their start-up/braking are presented. Possible wave formations in a bridge crane beam when cargo truck driving on it are taken into consideration; they result into the emergence of (wave) resistance power.

Motivational aspects of creating innovative start-ups on the platform of higher educational institutions

The article proves that in Ukraine the conditions are created for the formation of start-ups on the platform of universities. It is proved that all participants of start-ups – companies, firms, universities, teachers, students etc. – have a clear motivation. The recommendations are made on the basis of research for legislative consolidation of some elements motivating the innovation process. The methods are obtained for creating and managing start-ups on the platform of Universities at the present stage of Ukrainian economy development.