This essay is dedicated to the theme of tragedy, and death. It refers primarily to the analysis of these issues made by Julius Kleiner – Polish literary scholar. Basic conditions allowing us to speak about the tragedy were pointed out by Kleiner. These include: the presence of death, the effect of Fate, evil and the hero endowed with the appropriate signs. Kleiner’s analysis is great, but it does not include all accidents; hence creative works of A. Christie and biography of Polish scholar Władysław Natanson are invoked.