DETERMINATION OF CARBON DIOXIDE CONCENTRATION IN CLASSES

2018;
: 75-81
1
Lviv Polytechnic National University
2
Lviv Polytechnic National University, Department of Heat and Gas Supply and Ventilation
3
Lviv Polytechnic National University, Department of Heat and Gas Supply, and Ventilation
4
Department of Heat and Gas Supply, and Ventilation, Lviv Polytechnic National University

In the last decade, modernization of school buildings in Ukraine is being carried out. Thermorenoval measures such as thermal insulation of exterior walls and replacement of existing windows are most often used. Installing hermetic metal-plastic windows significantly reduces the heat loss of premises, but leads to disturbance of air regime, as outdoor air infiltration is often the only source of external fresh air supply. The study of the air environment in the classrooms is very relevant, since about 20% of the total population spends a significant part of their day in preschool and school settings. Failure to comply of microclimate parameters in classrooms, in particular due to the increase of CO2 concentration, leads to deterioration of the state of health and workability of students, as well as insufficient mastering of the educational material. Due to the deterioration of the environmental state of the environment, the concentration of CO2 in the outside air of large cities often exceeds the permissible values. This leads to an increase in the productivity of ventilation systems, designed to assimilate CO2. The article presents the results of analytical studies of changes in CO2 concentration in classrooms during the entire period of their stay in the students under the three schemes of organization of air exchange, namely when closed windows during the entire training period and without ventilation; when ventilated class during each breaks and in the presence of inflow and exhaust ventilation in the classrooms. The analysis of the air environment was carried out for the most unfavorable conditions at negative external air temperatures. As a result of the research, it was established that only in the presence of mechanical inflow and exhaust ventilation with an air exchange rate of 30 m3/hour per person provides adequate sanitary and hygienic conditions in the classrooms.

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