Structural changes at the national economy of ukraine under influence of postindustrialization

Authors: 
Pyrog O. V.

The article presents the results of research of structural changes at the national economy of
Ukraine under the influence of process postindustrialization. In order to complete analysis of
structural changes at the national economy of Ukraine under the influence of process
postindustrialization were solving the following problems: advanced features postindustrialization
process in the world economy; analyzed the structural changes at the national economy of Ukraine
for the period of 2001–2012; established investment trends of the national economy during the
period 2001–2012; evaluated the impact of investment activity in Ukraine to structural changes at
the national economy of Ukraine; proposed the measures at the management of investment
activities to ensure the quality of structural changes at the national economy of the country under
the influence of process postindustrialization.v
Analysis of the development of post-industrial society made possible to set the current
characteristics of the process postindustrialization at the world economy: the countries of post-
industrial society characterized by high GDP per capita; national economies of post-industrial
society are based on a broad domestic demand, which provides a strong middle class with high
solvency; at the countries of post-industrial society formed high-tech sector as material
production and non-material production.
The development of the national economy due to the formation of an active industrial society
and should be based on effective and optimal public policy in the field of economic development and
growth. At the transition from one to the next type of society for the development of the national
economy must focus on intensive factors – innovation and investment factors.
The national economy of Ukraine can be characterized by the following features: instability of
a high level of shadowing, technical and technological backwardness, significant physical and moral
depreciation of fixed assets, low capacity utilization, high material-, energy-and resursoyemnist
absence or low level of innovation.
Investing does not define economic development of the national economy and does not ensure
effective structural changes in the economic activities of Ukraine, due to chaotic capital and lack of
stable investment trends of economic activities in Ukraine. Those economic activities, that investment
impact of the average level to the development (industry, especial such as manufacturing,
construction, transport and communication), have priority for the economic development of the
national economy.
The study found that the institutional environment in which the process of the formation and
management of investment activities, characterized by a lack of stability in governance, especially
planning, inconsistency and lack of transparency of government regulation of the sector, regulatory
framework, low efficiency of state control over compliance with established criteria and regulations.