diffusion

Self-Assembly Processes of the Magnetic Polymer Nanocomposites in Magnetic Fields

Processes of self-assembly were studied in the magnetic polymer carbon nanocomposites doped with cobalt nanoclusters. These processes proceed due to the diffusion of magnetic nanoparticles stimulated by a combined effect of an outer steady magnetic fields and heating. The obtained polymer composites are promising for practical applications.

Application of Liquid Extraction for Treatment of Wastewater from Edible Oils Production

The structure of an emulsion formed in wastewater from edible oils production has been investigated. The type of emulsifier has been determined and the method of emulsion destruction has been proposed, providing further quality treatment of wastewater via liquid-extraction method. The resulting equilibrium and operating lines of the process were received. The number of transfer stages has been determined. The mathematical model of liquid-extraction wastewater treatment was built.

THE ROLE OF THE WAVELENGTH OF LIGHT IN THE DYNAMICS OF LIGHT IN THE DYNAMICS MICROALGAE DUE TO THE ABSORPTION OF CARBON DIOXIDE

The effect of light wave length on the rate of carbon dioxide absorption by microalgae has been studied. The mechanism of transfer of carbon dioxide from the air into the internal environment of the cells of microalgae has been described. The coefficient of microalgae growth based on the mathematical model has been determined. The analytical dependence of the mentioned coefficient on the light wave length has been obtained. The optimum length of light wave has been determined to design the flow chart for eliminating carbon dioxide from industrial gas emissions by the biological method.

Structure and wear resistance of aluminium alloys coated with surface layer laser-modified by silicon carbide

Modern approaches to ensuring the necessary characteristics of surface of a material with the aim to improve economic and technological characteristics of the structures are considered in this paper. It is shown that aluminium alloys gain wide application in industry. Nevertheless, surface characteristics of materials are insufficiently good for their use in structures which operate under abrasive wearing and boundary friction.

DYNAMICSMODELING OF TRAFFIC-RELATED EXHAUST AEROSOLS

The results of analytical researches of migration processes and turbulent diffusion of exhaust  aerosols, produced by traffic flows within reserve technical lanes of highways are given. It is concluded that rotors, determined as some areas of the rotary motion of an aerosol, are always formed within the diffusion divergence field of turbulent flows of exhaust aerosol.

Методика розрахунку прямотечійного та протитечійного екстракторів для екстрагування цільових компонентів з шару пористих структур

This paper is devoted to the method of extraction unit calculation of periodical action for direct flow and return flow of extraction processes based on an analysis of the kinetics of extraction of components of the porous structures of minerals and seeds plant material under a constant driving force. Запропонована методика розрахунку прямотечійного та протитечійного екстракторів безперервної дії на основі аналізу кінетики екстрагування цільових компонентів з пористих структур мінеральної сировини та насіння рослинної сировини в умовах постійної рушійної сили. 

Дослідження впливу довжини світлової хвилі на динаміку поглинання вуглекислого газу хлорофілсинтезуючими мікроводоростями

Досліджено вплив довжини світлової хвилі на швидкість поглинання вуглекис-
лого газу мікроводоростями. Описано механізм транспорту вуглекислого газу із повітря
у внутрішнє середовище клітини мікроводорості. На основі математичної моделі
приросту мікроводоростей визначено коефіцієнт приросту. Отримано аналітичну залеж-
ність коефіцієнта приросту мікроводоростів від довжини світлової хвилі. Встановлено
оптимальні довжини світлових хвиль для проектування технологічних схем

Simulation of mass flows of decaying substance in layer with periodically located thin channels

In this paper the processes of admixture convective diffusion in two-phase structures with periodically located thin channels are investigated with taking into account a natural decay of migrating substance. With the help of application of appropriate integral transforms separately in the contacting domains, a solution of the contact initial boundary value problem of convective diffusion of decaying substance is obtained. The correlations between these integral transforms are found using the non-ideal contact conditions imposed for the concentration function.

Decontamination of radioactive liquid systems by modified clay minerals

The process mechanism for sorption of strontium and cesium from liquid radioactive waste using modified bentonites from Yaziv sulfur deposit was investigated. The technique for predicting the intensity of the sorption process based on the comparison of experimental and calculated values of mass transfer coefficients was proposed. It was detected that the process of sorption extraction of strontium and cesium from liquid medium using modified clay minerals may be best described by a three-parameter model of the adsorption isotherms.

Особливості побудови інформаційних технологій моделювання процесів розвитку туристичних та інфокомунікаційних комплексів

In this research a number of important scientific and applied problems associated with the development of information technology for simulation based on physical analogies for objects of tourism industry and information and communication infrastructure are solved. The processes of integration of these technologies n an appropriate information system modeling for the study and construction of effective tourism and information and commu¬nication systems.