The study examined the physico-chemical characteristics and combustion kinetics of petroleum coke or petcoke (PCK). The results revealed that PCK contains significantly high carbon, fixed carbon, and calorific value with low sulphur, and ash content. The combustion characteristics of PCK revealed the temperatures of ignition ranged from 764 to 795 K; peak decomposition from 808 to 875 K and burn-out from 857 to 933 K. The combustion performance and reactivity analyses were examined based on the ignition ratio, devolatilization ratio, burnout ratio, and combustion characteristic factor.
The influence of cavitation on a decrease of the number of microorganism colonies has been investigated. Our results have shown that the number of viable microorganisms in water dispersion during first 30 minutes of sonication increased till maximum. Then their quantity sharply decreased. A kinetic model of ultrasonic degradation of yeast cells aggregates was proposed.
The structure of an emulsion formed in wastewater from edible oils production has been investigated. The type of emulsifier has been determined and the method of emulsion destruction has been proposed, providing further quality treatment of wastewater via liquid-extraction method. The resulting equilibrium and operating lines of the process were received. The number of transfer stages has been determined. The mathematical model of liquid-extraction wastewater treatment was built.
Extraction of glucomannan from crude porang flour by acid hydrolysis and ethanol precipitation was studied. Effects of acid concentration, temperatures and time were investigated, kinetics model of the process was developed and the parameters were evaluated based on experimental data. New data on yield and purity of glucomannan under various conditions were obtained.
The series of reactive peroxide macroinitiators (RC) based on acryl amide (AcAm), butyl methacrylate (BMA), maleic anhydride (MA) and peroxidic monomer 5-ter-butylperoxy-5-methyl-1-hexene-3-yne (PM), which can be used for biocompatible polymer cross-linking, were synthesized via radical copolymerization in organic solvent.
The article is devoted to the process of extraction of oil from rapeseed and sunflower seeds and meal by an extraction method based on the study of the kinetic regularities of the process.
The effect of light wave length on the rate of carbon dioxide absorption by microalgae has been studied. The mechanism of transfer of carbon dioxide from the air into the internal environment of the cells of microalgae has been described. The coefficient of microalgae growth based on the mathematical model has been determined. The analytical dependence of the mentioned coefficient on the light wave length has been obtained. The optimum length of light wave has been determined to design the flow chart for eliminating carbon dioxide from industrial gas emissions by the biological method.
Due to their excellent complex of physical, chemical, and mechanical properties, titanium alloys are unique materials for many branches of industry. An important feature of titanium is its high reactivity concerning the interstitial chemical elements (oxygen, nitrogen, and carbon). The absorption of interstitial elements by titanium alloys causes change in physical and mechanical properties of alloys and articles which are made of them. It should be noted that the titanium alloys are classified, in particular, by the compositions of their structures.
The kinetics of copper ions adsorption by natural zeolite has been investigated in the apparatus with mechanical stirrer. The presence of external diffusion and pore diffusion area was established. For the external diffusive area, the dependence of mass transfer coefficient on stirrer rotation speed was confirmed; the dependence was described using a criterial equation. For the pore diffusion area, the equation is adduced by means of which the effective coefficient of pore diffusion was calculated.