The work is devoted to the analysis of the need for the development of solar collectors integrated into the design of the building / structure glass facade. In particular, the necessity for Ukraine to develop renewable energy sources through the parameter of energy intensity of the Ukraine gross domestic product and the physical wear of the installation in fuel-energy complex. It was analyzed that the solar energy as one of the types of generally available resources in the field of alternative technologies has been prospects for development.
An analysis of existing solar heating systems has been carried out. The dependence of the annual flow of solar radiation on the solar panel on the azimuthal angle γ and the angle of inclination of the surface, which can be used for studying surfaces with an arbitrary number of orientations, was obtained. The thermal balance for a given solar panel is presented for a certain period of time.
Known methods of hot water systems was analyzed. Method of calculation of solar heating of heliopanels was proposed. Algorithm for computer calculation of solar heating of heliopanels was developed. Taken into account the impact of direct and diffuse solar radiation on the efficiency heliopanel.
Solar radiation – is an inexhaustible source of renewable energy. The energy of sunlight can be used as heat. Scientists have studied that ¾ of the total energy consumed by society is the heat energy. Solar installations designed to convert solar energy into other forms of energy and transfer it for future reference. The efficiency of solar installation depends largely on the amount of incoming solar energy, which depends on the geographical characteristics of the region for which planned to install solar installation. This paper deals with the use of solar energy solar installation.
Solar radiation - is an inexhaustible source of renewable energy. Using solar energy is sufficiently promising to improve the environmental situation, reducing of consumption of fossil fuels, as well as for household and technological needs. Solar installations often are different design complexity or low rate of use of floor space, require complex electromechanical systems and mechanisms guidance. In addition to finding alternative energy sources, as opposed to traditional fuel.