The peculiarities of porous hydrogel compositions formed on the basis of copolymers of methacrylic esters and polyvinylpyrrolidone with mineral and organic filler have been investigated. In the composite structure silver particles are obtained via argentum nitrate reduction by tertiary nitrogen of polyvinylpyrrolidone. The effect of filler nature and amount, argentums nitrate amount and structure of polymer-monomer composition on the polymerization rate and properties of composites has been examined.
Modification of polyamide-6 by polyvinylpyrrolidone with molecular mass of 12000±2000 has been carried out using their mixing in formic acid solution followed by solvent evaporation. The possibility of films permolecular structure control, physico-mechnical and thermophysical properties by treatment conditions after their formation has been established.
The influence of the metal fine filler nature on the polymerization mechanism of polyvinylpyrrolidone-methacrylate compositions in the presence and without iron(II) sulphate has been determined. The catalysis mechanism has been confirmed via complexation with charge transfer between the initial composition components. The metal activating effect increases with the increase of its negative electrochemical potential.
Polymerization of hydroxyalkyl(meth)acrylates with polyvinylpyrrolidone has been investigated. Thus highly hydrophilic membranes have been obtained and several properties have been investigated including polymerization rate, viscosity, extinction, water permeability of the membranes, their tensile strength and tensile elongation at break. Parameters characterizing complex formation between monomer and polyvinylpyrrolidone are related to structural parameters of resulting copolymer networks.
The influence of low-molecular additives of different structure on the polyvinylpyrrolidone and hydroxyethyl compositions has been researched. The adhesive ability based on the contact angle compositions carried on linings of variable nature has been characterized. The effect of additives of different nature on the adhesive strength of the glue seam of polyvinylpyrrolidone containing compositions estimated by Dupre-Ung methodology has been studied.
Polymerization of hydrophobic vinyl monomers in polyvinylpyrrolidone aqueous solutions has been investigated under ultrasonic treatment. The effect of ultrasound on the destruction of water-soluble polymeric matrices has been examined. The obtaining mechanism of block- and grafted copolymers of vinyl monomers with polyvinylpyrrolidone has been proposed. The copolymers have been synthesized as films and their main properties, physico-mechanical and sorption-diffusive, in particular, have been investigated.
The effect of the kind, concentration and introduction method of polymeric modifiers (polyvinyl alcohol and polyvinylpyrrolidone), as well as the kind of metal chloride on the physico-chemical regularities of the obtaining process of modified metal-containing polymer-silicate materials, their morphology and properties has been examined. Using instrumental methods of investigations it was established that obtaining of metal-containing polymer-silicate materials was accompanied by intermolecular interactions between active silicate groups and functional groups of a polymeric modifier.
The polymerization of 2-hydroxyethylmethacrylate compositions with polyvinylpyrrolidone has been investigated in the presence of mineral fillers (hydroxyapatite, montmorillonite and wollastonite). The influence of the nature and amount of mineral filler on polymerization kinetics and composition of copolymers has been determined. In the composite structure silver particles were obtained via silver nitrate reduction by polyvinylpyrrolidone tertiary nitrogen. The synthesized silver-containing composites possess bactericidal properties against E. colі and S. aureus bacteria, in particular.