The results of experimental studies of the peculiarities of metallization of granular polyethylene are presented. The influence of concentration factors on the metallization process of zinc-activated polyethylene granules of brand Liten PL-10 was investigated. It is established that by changing the concentration of copper sulfate and sodium hydroxide, as well as the degree of loading of polymeric raw materials, it is possible to effectively regulate the amount of recovered copper on granules of polyethylene, and therefore the thickness of the metal layer formed on them.
In the food industry and public catering establishments of Ukraine, a sufficiently large amount of oil is left, which was first used during the roasting and cooking of various food, such as vegetables and fish during canning, french fries, pancakes, pies and the like. At high temperatures during contact with the food and moisture contained in it, the processes of thermal decomposition, oxidation, polymerization and so on, the oil accumulates harmful to man substances such as aldehydes, acids, ketenes, polycyclic compounds, etc. In this case, the oil becomes unsuitable for further food use.
The growing pace of Ukrainian polymer pipes market is significantly ahead of other markets for polymer products, which is being explained by the successful competition of their operational properties with pipes made of traditional materials - steel, cast iron, concrete.
Regarding this an important task during the production of water pressure pipes is the obtaining of technological raw materials based on polyethylene with the necessary technological capacity, which will solve the above problems.
In the paper, the X-ray study of cross-linked polyethylene with isopropenyl styrene or acrylonitrile was carried out. It is shown that cross-linking leads to a significant decrease in the area of the exothermic peak, an increase in the resistance of the structured system to thermal oxidation. These data confirm that the increase in resistance to thermal aging of polyethylene cross-linked with acrylonitrile or isopropenyl styrene fraction.
The MCM-41 (Mobil Composition of Matter) and SBA-16 (Santa Barbara Amorphous) supported TiCl4 and TiCl4/MgCl2 catalysts with different molar ratios of Mg/Ti were synthesized and used for ethylene polymerization under atmospheric pressure. The nanochannels of these supports serve as a nanoscale polymerization reactor and the polyethylene nanofibers were extruded during the reaction. The effect of MgCl2 on catalytic activity and morphology of resulting polyethylene has been investigated too.
Silica was compared with clays as supports for metallocene. Ethylene homopolymerization with both homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts was performed. Activation energy was higher for
(n-BuCp)2ZrCl2/SiO2/MAO, although high activities were obtained for catalysts with clay. They showed Ea close to that of homogeneous precursor. Catalyst/clay control polymer morphology until 363 K
Different methods to remove the alcohol of adduct MgCl2nEtOH were studied to obtain Ziegler-Natta catalysts for evaluation in ethylene and propylene polymerization. Thus, the adduct MgCl2nEtOH was submitted to thermal dealcoholation, as well as chemical dealcoholation with different substances: titanium tetrachloride, triethylaluminum, and dichloro-dimethylsilane. Thermogravimetric analyses (TGA) were performed to obtain information on the thermal characteristics of adducts and prepared supported catalysts.
A quantitative structural model of particulate-filled polymer composites impact toughness, based on the fractal analysis ideas, was offered. The model demonstrated good correspondence with the experimental data. It has been shown that the action of nanofiller as nucleator, resulting in crystallinity degree and amorphous phase structure change, exert the main influence on impact toughness value.
The aim of this study was to synthesize ethylene-hexene copolymers of the type LLDPE using a combination of metallocene binary catalysts (Cat 1: Cp2ZrCl2 and Cat 2: Et(IndH4)2ZrCl2), where each catalyst has different microstructural control capacities. The effect of diethyl zinc (DEZ) concentration as a chain shuttling agent (CSA) was evaluated in parameters such as catalytic activity, as well as thermal properties, comonomer content incorporated into the polymer chain, crystal structure, and also dynamic mechanical properties of the obtained copolymers.
In this work 20 new biogegradable materials from polyethylene and lignocellulosic fillers were examined. The samples with and without compatibilizer were compared. This work contains four different methods of investigation: TGA, microscopy, thermal oxidation, biodegradation in soil.