nanocomposite

DEVELOPMENT OF THE OBTAINING METHOD OF MONTMORILLONITE-POLYVINYLPYRROLIDONE MODIFIER FOR THE THERMOPLASTICS

A new method of montmorillonite intercalation by polyvinylpyrrolidone is described in
this work. The structure and thermophysical properties of the developed nanomodifier and the
components rational ratio were investigated. The effect of intercalated montmorillonite on
physico-mechanical properties of the mixture of polycaproamide and polypropylene was
determined. These composites are characterized by significantly higher values of hardness and
modulus of elasticity compared to the original PP.

Modelling of the plasmonic properties of nanocomposite materials based on diamond-like carbon film and silver nanoparticles

Optical characteristics of nanocomposite materials have been modeled depends on materials of the nanoparticles and the matrix, the size and shape of nanoparticles. The optical constants of diamond-like carbon films doped with nanoparticles of silver are considered within the framework of the effective theory of Maxwell-Garnett.

Polymers as natural nanocomposites. 1. the reinforcement structural model

The structural treatment of amorphous glassy polycarbonate as natural nanocomposite was proposed. It has been shown that the polycarbonate stiffness is defined completely by the state of its structure, which is described within the frameworks of a local order model. The large reserves of stiffness raising for amorphous glassy polymers are demonstrated.

Synthesis, properties, functionalisation and applications of carbon nanotube: a state of the art review

The investigation of fullerenes and especially of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) has opened a totally new window for the development of polymer matrix composites with novel properties and applications. CNTs, which have a number of unexpected properties, both mechanical and electrical, seem to have huge potential as a filler, i.e. as a reinforcement in nanocomposites. With the discovery of carbon nanotubes, the research efforts have been initially concentrated on the better understanding of their processing conditions, modification, and properties.

Brazilian Mineral Clay as Support for Metallocene Catalyst in the Synthesis of Polyethylene

Silica was compared with clays as supports for metallocene. Ethylene homopolymerization with both homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts was performed. Activation energy was higher for
(n-BuCp)2ZrCl2/SiO2/MAO, although high activities were obtained for catalysts with clay. They showed Ea close to that of homogeneous precursor. Catalyst/clay control polymer morphology until 363 K

 

Polymers as Natural Nanocomposites. 2. The Comparative Analysis of Reinforcement Mechanisms

The complete similarity of reinforcement degree behaviour has been shown for nanocomposite epoxy polymer/Na+-montmorillonite and polyarylate, which is considered as the natural nanocomposite. The polyarylate structure description is given within the framework of cluster model of polymers amorphous state structure. The interfacial adhesion level influences strongly the reinforcement degree of indicated materials.

The Structural Model of Impact Toughness of Particulate-Filled Polymer Nanocomposites

A quantitative structural model of particulate-filled polymer composites impact toughness, based on the fractal analysis ideas, was offered. The model demonstrated good correspondence with the experimental data. It has been shown that the action of nanofiller as nucleator, resulting in crystallinity degree and amorphous phase structure change, exert the main influence on impact toughness value.

Polymers as Natural Nanocomposites. 3. The Geometry of Intercomponent Interactions

The treatment of amorphous glassy polymers as natural nanocomposites is proposed. It has been shown that the geometry of intercomponent interactions nanoclusters – loosely-packed matrix defines adhesion level between the indicated components of natural nanocomposites. Since nanoclusters – loosely-packed matrix contact is realized over cylindrical surface of the first ones then the larger the indicated surface area the higher the intercomponent adhesion level.

The Ultrasound Processing Influence on Carbon Nanotubes Structure in Polymer Nanocomposites

It has been shown that two types of nanofiller aggregation processes are realized during polymer/carbon nanotubes nanocomposites production: formation of nanotubes ropes and their bending. The first one from the indicated processes is realized at carbon nanotubes contents larger than the percolation threshold. The ultrasound affects only carbon nanotubes aggregation of the second type.

The Behaviour Features of Polymer Nanocomposites Filled with Calcium Carbonate

The most typical behaviour features of polymer nanocomposites filled with dispersed calcium carbonate were considered. The quantitative analysis was carried out within the frameworks of structural model: the cluster model of polymers amorphous state structure and fractal analysis. It has been shown that all changes of the considered nanocomposites properties were defined by polymeric matrix structure variations, which are due to nanofiller introduction.