Pulp and paper enterprises are of great importance for sustainable economic and environmental development of certain regions and the economy of Ukraine. Man uses many natural resources during the lifetime, creating a burden on nature. As the world's population increases, this load increases, leading to a shortage of resources and deterioration in the environment. The main activity of Kokhavynska Paper Mill PJSC is the production of sanitary products for the domestic market and export.
Observation of the surface water state is carried out to determine its quality (contaminant content) based on the results of analytical control. The analysis of surface water was made according to the polluting sources of the object. It resulted in the proposed management decisions on directions and measures to improve the state of surface water.
The paper considers the possibility of determining the permanent and random sources of pollution of the environment by the level of pollution of liquid atmospheric precipitation. The problems of liquid atmospheric precipitation testing and monitoring of pollution concentration during precipitation are outlined. The expediency of developing of a portable system that allows collecting samples of liquid atmospheric precipitation in autonomous modes at different time intervals and periods of rainfall, regardless of the place of its installation, is substantiated.
The estimation of population health risk from carbon oxide and hydrocarbons waste influence of carbon producing enterprises is observed in this work. After analyzing ecological emissions safety of the carbon producing enterprises it was established that their activity belongs to the average level of risk and ability to get respiratory organs diseases, sight, cardiovascular and central nervous system diseases for old persons, pregnant women and children.
The problem of permanent and prolonged pollution of soils by various kinds of pollutants, in particular heavy metals, was analyzed. Experimental investigations of penetration of copper sulfate into a vertical soil profile have been carried out. The adsorption capacity of the sandy environment of copper sulfate
was experimentally determined.
The problem of penetration of nitrogen fertilizers in the soil is analyzed. The influence of adsorption process on the rate of transfer of fertilizers in the vertical profile of the soil is determined. Experimental researches of adsorption properties of soil environment on the base of absorption of calcium nitrate by soil are done. Проаналізовано проблему проникнення азотних добрив вглиб ґрунту. Визначено вплив процесу адсорбції на швидкість перенесення добрив по вертикальному профілю ґрунту.
One of the major problems of pollution of soil environment, namely by components of mineral fertilizers due to their massive and continuous use in agriculture was analysed in the article. Possible ways of penetration of not absorbed mineral fertilizers deep into the soil as the main reason for getting fertilizers in the lower layers of the soil environment were investigated. A comparison of the impact of soil and climatic conditions on the rate of penetration of fertilizers deep into the soil was done.
Purpose. Designing both the apparatus and methodical means based on the classical methods of electroprospecting and their modification. Using this set for an elecromagnetic monitoring of environmentally problematic objects. The objects to be observed are ground dams, haloes of underground water pollution, mine fields, geotechnical objects. Methodology. High-speed technological set was created and had been studying in the environmentally problematic areas in pre-Carpathians (Yavoriv, Stebnyk, Kalush etc.).
Experimentally investigate the effect of heavy metals on roadside lands by mobile sources of pollution, and the spread of heavy metals with distance.
Push-pull vibratory electromagnetic cavitator of resonance action consists of two electromagnets, an elastic system connecting their stators and anchors, and two cavitation breakers located in the flowing liquid in the form of soundboards with holes which fluctuate in antiphase. High degree of biological disinfection of water with the productivity of approximately 3.5 m3/h at its continuous supply is provided due to the combination of magnetic and cavitation effects.