The structure of the automobile service, since the beginning of the independence of Ukraine, has changed acutely. The number of private vehicles, the quality of service of which depends on the owner only, has increased.
The estimation of population health risk from carbon oxide and hydrocarbons waste influence of carbon producing enterprises is observed in this work. After analyzing ecological emissions safety of the carbon producing enterprises it was established that their activity belongs to the average level of risk and ability to get respiratory organs diseases, sight, cardiovascular and central nervous system diseases for old persons, pregnant women and children.
The work deals with the analysis of sources and ingression of petroleum vapours into environment, as well as with petrol losses and the dependence of the vapours concentration on the tank volume and the ambient temperature. The concentration of petroleum vapours at the petrol station and the individual risk of hazard level have been calculated. The chemical composition of petrol is shown, toxicity of its components and their influence on the human organism as a whole are analyzed.
The results of the study of temporal variations of local magnetic field in the Carpathian foredeep are presented. Local dynamic anomalies from 2 to 7 nT per year coincide with deep regional faults and marginal parts of tectonic zones and subzones and hydrocarbons deposits.
The results of magnetic studies on Orhovychi oil and gas field in the Carpathian Foredeep are shown. Specific features of structure of the local magnetic field and the magnetic susceptibility of soil are analysed.
The results of magnetic studies over hydrocarbons fields in the Outer zone of Carpathian Foredeep were studied. It was stated that upon oil and gas deposits are observed static and dynamic local anomalies connected with supervising tectonic displacements. The conclusion about genetic correlation between local anomalies and oil-and-gas content in the investigated deposits was done.
Purpose. Finding the connection between the thermodynamic conditions of hydrocarbon mixtures synthesis and zones of oil and gas accumulation. Methodology. The thermodynamic eguilibrium depths of gas and gas-condensate deposits were fixed by the method of eguilibrium constants of independent reactions based on the chemical composition of hydrocarbons re-counted on chemical elements. The investigations of formation waters, natural gases and water-dissolved gases were based on the methods of chemical, elementary spectral, atomic absorption and gas chromatographic analysis. Results.