A. S. Makarenko became a part of history of the world pedagogy as one of the prominent theorists and a practical innovator. Study and publication of his works in 29 languages of the peoples of the USSR prove the fact that A. Makarenko became a world-class educator. His works were published in 24 languages abroad. The formation of A. Makarenko’s philosophical and pedagogical worldview was greatly influenced by the works of prominent foreign teachers Ya. Komensky, I. Pestalozzi, K. Ushinsky, J. J. Russo, J. Locke, I. Disterverg etc. A.
In the reviewed monograph refers to a personality as a sensible and intelligent being, of his knowledge and values, of freedom and consciousness, which are manifestations of the aspiration of a personality towards being. The main way of human existence in the world is to be a personality. Today, there is a danger of levelling the personal beginning of human existence, when the science of man is increasingly naturalized, neurolyzed and computerized. Such a levelling leads to post-humanism and post-humanity. It is on one side.
The article presents a scientific and theoretical review of domestic and foreign studies devoted to the problem of aggression and behavioral deviations in the children's environment. The psychological features of destructive behavior and its characteristics from the standpoint of psychology, sociology and criminal-law sciences are considered. The mechanisms of formation of illegal actions are revealed, and the influence of deviations on the formation of personality is analyzed.
On the philosophical level legal definition of identity is analyzed in the system of social
relations. It was found that personality - one of the basic personality traits, its essential
characteristic, which is determined by the form and manner of being human subjects
conscious activity. Proved that identity formation historically determined system of social
relations culture of a certain age, she gradually takes possession during public life. From that,
what social factors shape a person, independent and individual personality traits. These
The article highlights traced and scientific development of the individual in the social communities to determine the total individual. Found out the problem of identity as individuals in the context of the category comparison "individuality" and "personality." Proved that the development of the individual, the disclosure of her identity - the development of general public, individually and through him increase wealth and diversity of the spiritual world, the development initiative and creativity.
On the basis of civilized approach thoroughly analyzed the question of human existence. The approach to solve the problem of being human integrity enables the enigma of this issue: the question of meaning and value of human existence, uniqueness and essence of human nature and definition of inner peace in it. Vyzna¬cheno relevant aspects of the integrity of the individual, analyzed and clarified the concept of integrity of human existence in the psychological, anthropological and philosophical and legal contexts.
Article to parse problem of deviant personality in historical-philosophical, social and legal context. Proved that the problem of correcting deviant personality which finds particular criminal behavior are inextricably linked to historical-philosophical, social and philosophical analysis of human nature, personality, causes of deviant behavior, as well as the content and form of correction. Historical and philosophical analysis generally showed that European philosophical experience includes various interpretation of these phenomena and processes.
This article provides a comparative analysis of the concept of individual fundamental philosophical and legal schools. The founder of modern personalism of E. Mounier believed that the “I” man is the “primary reality”, and it is, in his opinion, there is a premise and reality of historical works. Personality – center reorientation objective universumu who reached the level of personal existence, is the subject of creating their own human reality.
The article of the positions of the various schools of philosophy examines the philosophical and legal category of "personality", the main approaches to the definitive abovementioned issues and highlights their main content. The author deals with defining in detail three aspects of human existence: matter, social cohesion and human personality and proved that the views of most philosophers on this issue coincide.