The article, based on the theoretical concepts of A. Gramsci and T. Parsons, defines the philosophical and legal foundations of the civil society model. In the twentieth century. some attempts have been made to develop a theory of civil society on a foundation. First of all, it should be noted such well-known scientists as A. Gramsch and T. Parsons, who were influenced by the teachings of G. Hegel and at the same time made adjustments to his theory, comparing civil society and economy, civil society and the state.
The article defines that the managerial elite plays an important role in the formation and development of the state in general, because it combines the functions of power with a significant material base and endowed with managerial capabilities. Thus, it is determined that the development of the state or its decline depends on the correctness of the action, as a result of which its key problems of activity, influence on the development of the country's processes are defined below, as a result of which key principles.
The article thoroughly and comprehensively explores the essence, historical and legal aspects of formation, evolution, content and basic elements of the principles of law based on the study of legal theory and legal practice, reveals the importance of law for the formation of legal worldview and implementation of rule-making and rule-making practice.
On the basis of a thorough analysis of the existing historiographical base, the legal
system of jurisdiction of the US Supreme Court is analyzed. The US Supreme Court has been
found to be the first court in certain categories of cases and to appeal in federal cases. The
current U.S. Supreme Court only deals with a petition from a party or other interested party
in the order of a certifier, and federal and state Supreme Courts can refer to it if they need a
competent interpretation of federal law in the certification procedure. The analysis of
The article deals with some historical periods of creation, development and formation of
a human rights institute. The basic ideas of the most outstanding philosophers of this period
are investigated. From the time of Ancient Greece, the concept of human rights, which is
reflected in the philosophical thought of philosophers of this period, began to emerge. The
perception of the place of the person in state and social life has changed. Philosophers such as
Heraclitus, Plato, and Aristotle laid the cornerstones in creating this phenomenon in antiquity.
In the article on the basis of the current national legislation taking into account modern challenges, an innovative model of higher education institution in Ukraine is outlined.
The article identifies the main approaches to understanding civil society as a philosophical and legal category, which allowed to show pluralism of this definition. The author analyzes the conceptual foundations of civil society in the history of philosophical and legal discourse. It is substantiated that the invariant content of the concept of civil society remained the ideas of freedom, equality, justice, social values and virtues. It is emphasized that modern civil society is a guarantee of democratization and needs proper legal support in the context of globalization challenges.
The issue of the place and role of the bar in the state and society is updated, and the essential characteristic of this human rights institute is highlighted. The structural elements by which the independence of the legal profession are distinguished. The problems of realization of the principle of independence in the process of the lawyer’s performance of his/her professional duties are analyzed.
On the basis of the latest scientific research, the philosophical and legal concept of the
definition of «civil society» is thoroughly analyzed, Modern approaches to understanding the
concept are systematized. There searchis based on the scholarly views of prominent
philosophers, as well as the author’s own approach and conclusions about there search
The research is based on the scientific views of significant philosophers, as well as the
In the article on the basis of the current national legislation taking intoaccount modern
challenges, an innovative model of higher education institution inUkraine is outlined. In the
system of institutions of higher education of Ukraine, the following four main types of
ownership can be distinguished: it is a state-owned higher education institution established by
the state financed from the statebudget and subordinated to the relevant central executive