Philosophical and legal fundamentals of civil society model in the theoretical concepts of A. Gramsche and T. Parsons

The article, based on the theoretical concepts of A. Gramsci and T. Parsons, defines the philosophical and legal foundations of the civil society model. In the twentieth century. some attempts have been made to develop a theory of civil society on a foundation. First of all, it should be noted such well-known scientists as A. Gramsch and T. Parsons, who were influenced by the teachings of G. Hegel and at the same time made adjustments to his theory, comparing civil society and economy, civil society and the state.

Determination of elite influence on the processes of state formation of modern Ukraine

The article defines that the managerial elite plays an important role in the formation and development of the state in general, because it combines the functions of power with a significant material base and endowed with managerial capabilities. Thus, it is determined that the development of the state or its decline depends on the correctness of the action, as a result of which its key problems of activity, influence on the development of the country's processes are defined below, as a result of which key principles.

Worldview basis of scientific understanding of the phenomenon of law in accordance with specific time limits

The article thoroughly and comprehensively explores the essence, historical and legal aspects of formation, evolution, content and basic elements of the principles of law based on the study of legal theory and legal practice, reveals the importance of law for the formation of legal worldview and implementation of rule-making and rule-making practice.

Legal system of jurisdiction the US Supreme Court

On the basis of a thorough analysis of the existing historiographical base, the legal
system of jurisdiction of the US Supreme Court is analyzed. The US Supreme Court has been
found to be the first court in certain categories of cases and to appeal in federal cases. The
current U.S. Supreme Court only deals with a petition from a party or other interested party
in the order of a certifier, and federal and state Supreme Courts can refer to it if they need a
competent interpretation of federal law in the certification procedure. The analysis of

Creation and development of human rights in ancient times

The article deals with some historical periods of creation, development and formation of
a human rights institute. The basic ideas of the most outstanding philosophers of this period
are investigated. From the time of Ancient Greece, the concept of human rights, which is
reflected in the philosophical thought of philosophers of this period, began to emerge. The
perception of the place of the person in state and social life has changed. Philosophers such as
Heraclitus, Plato, and Aristotle laid the cornerstones in creating this phenomenon in antiquity.

The civil society as a philosophical and legal category: approaches to understanding

The article identifies the main approaches to understanding civil society as a philosophical and legal category, which allowed to show pluralism of this definition. The author analyzes the conceptual foundations of civil society in the history of philosophical and  legal discourse. It is substantiated that the invariant content of the concept of civil society remained the ideas of freedom, equality, justice, social values and virtues. It is emphasized that modern civil society is a guarantee of democratization and needs proper legal support in the context of globalization challenges.

Independence as a dominant for law self-government

The issue of the place and role of the bar in the state and society is updated, and the essential characteristic of this human rights institute is highlighted. The structural elements by which the independence of the legal profession are distinguished. The problems of realization of the principle of independence in the process of the lawyer’s performance of his/her professional duties are analyzed.

Philosophical and legal concept of the defense "civil society": modern scientific approaches

On  the  basis  of  the  latest  scientific  research,  the  philosophical  and  legal  concept  of  the 
definition  of  «civil  society»  is  thoroughly  analyzed,  Modern  approaches  to  understanding  the 
concept  are  systematized.  There  searchis  based  on  the  scholarly  views  of  prominent 
philosophers,  as  well  as  the  author’s  own  approach  and  conclusions  about  there  search 
The  research  is  based  on  the  scientific  views  of  significant  philosophers,  as  well  as  the 

Academic mobility of ukrainian study in globalized space: philosophical and legal aspects

In  the  article  on  the  basis  of  the  current  national  legislation  taking  intoaccount  modern 
challenges,  an  innovative  model  of  higher  education  institution  inUkraine  is  outlined.  In  the 
system  of  institutions  of  higher  education  of  Ukraine,  the  following  four  main  types  of 
ownership  can  be  distinguished:  it  is  a  state-owned  higher  education  institution  established  by 
the  state  financed  from  the  statebudget  and  subordinated  to  the  relevant  central  executive