Calculation of strength of heated curvilinear bar structural elements of tubular cross-sections

2019;
: 61-67
https://doi.org/10.23939/ujmems2019.02.061
Received: July 06, 2019
Revised: August 18, 2019
Accepted: August 30, 2019
1
Hetman Petro Sahaidachnyi National Army Academy
2
Hetman Petro Sahaidachnyi National Army Academy
3
Lviv Polytechnic National University
4
Hetman Petro Sahaidachnyi National Army Academy

Practical importance. The analytical and numerical results obtained can be used in the study of the stress state and, respectively, to evaluate the strength and stiffness of curvilinear tubular structural elements, in particular, the pipeline bends and pipes of economizers.

The purpose. Investigation of the temperature field and the thermoelastic state of the curvilinear rod with a tubular cross-section caused by it; analysis of the influence of geometrical and thermophysical parameters on the characteristics of its temperature field, as well as on the forces and moments in it.

The research method. The object of research is the curvilinear rod with a tubular cross-section, which is in the conditions of convective heat exchange with the external and internal environments. The thermal conductivity equation for a large curvature rod was used to describe its temperature field. For determining the characteristics of the stress-strain state due to the described temperature field, the equations of thermal elasticity of curvilinear rods in displacements were used; the case was analyzed when radial and tangential displacements are absent in the extreme cross-sections of the curvilinear part of the rod, and there are no turns of these cross-sections.

Results. The studies have shown that the specific coefficients of heat transfer of the outer and inner surfaces of the rod affect its stress state in a different way; as the heat transfer coefficient from the outer surface increases, the absolute values of the longitudinal and transverse forces, as well as of the bending moment, decrease, and with the increase of the heat transfer coefficient from the inner surface, they increase. In contrast to the stress problem, in the case of heating, the value of the bending moment in a certain cross-section of a curvilinear rod depends on the geometrical parameters of the cross-section.

The scientific novelty. Analytical-numerical method shows for the first time that there is such a cross-section in which the heat-induced bending moment changes its sign; the position of this cross-section depends on the curvature of the axis, the thickness of the wall, the bend angle of the curvilinear part of the rod and practically does not depend on the specific coefficients of heat transfer from its inner and outer surfaces. There are values of the bend angle at which the bending moment and transverse force in the curvilinear part of the rod reach their maximums.

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M. Voytovych, L. Velychko, R. Lampika, Kh. Lishchynska, "Calculation of strength of heated curvilinear bar structural elements of tubular cross-sections", Ukrainian Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 61-67, 2019.