SACRED IMAGE OF TERNOPIL REGION

AS.
2021;
: 9-16
Authors:
1
Department of Fine Arts, Design and Methods of Teaching Ternopil Volodymyr Hnatyuk National Pedagogical University

The article highlights the stages of formation of the architecture of temple complexes in the Ternopil region, which today form the sacred image of the region.  The set of sources used in the study has different origins, gives researchers information for analysis of sacred architecture in the modern Ternopil region, which can be used in further research. The source base of the study are churches of different denominations - Orthodox, Catholic, Greek Catholic, Jewish, Armenian, as well as the remains of pre-Christian complexes. Such ethnic and confessional heterogeneity, complex socio-political processes on the territory of the region have given rise to a typological diversity of temples, which differ in style, dimensional solution, decoration. The analysis of sacred complexes was carried out by the method of field surveys, historical and comparative analysis and was based on reliable archival sources, data from research institutions, reserves and publications of leading scientists.

European periodisation system was used in the analysis of the formation stages of sacred architecture: the Middle Ages, Renaissance, Reformation, Enlightenment, the period of XIX-XX centuries and the modern period. Each stage is marked by the appearance of majestic temples, which are bright dominants in the architectural space of settlements and creating a unique sacred image of the Ternopil region.

It is shown that there are almost no sacred objects of the early medieval period left in the study area, except for mounds and cave temples. The High Middle Ages are represented by single temples. The Renaissance period declares the adoption of Western European construction technology. Temples have a pronounced defence function. The Ternopil region is most vividly represented by the Baroque temples of the Enlightenment. The period of the XIX-XX centuries. marked by the search for a national style in sacred architecture. Modern temple complexes are built according to the traditional planning system, but some have modern forms.

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