METHODOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF THE SCIENTIFIC AND DESIGN PROCESS OF PRESERVING THE HISTORICAL CITY

AS.
2021;
: 216-226
1
Lviv polytechnic national university, Department of Architecture and Conservation
2
Lviv Polytechnic National University, Department of Architecture and Conservation

The article highlights the methodological aspects of the architect's work in the historical environment, reveals current trends and processes of transformation of the architectural and urban planning structure of historical cities. The main approaches to their reproduction and transformation are considered and analyzed. The concept of the central part of the historical city and the method of localization of its borders are revealed. The main requirements for the reproduction and development of buildings in the central part of historical cities are highlighted. The article describes the architectural and urban planning principles of reproduction and development of block development, which are based on the continuous development of the central part of the city, and allow the use of modern architectural and construction innovations in the structural, engineering and architectural solution of development.
The article describes the ways of developing the planning structure of a historically formed centre, approaches to its transformation, and substantiates the advantages of developing a comprehensive project for the regeneration of the central part of the historical city, which should be based on the results of research conducted during the development of a historical and architectural reference plan. The program approach to the reconstruction of certain sectors of historical development is revealed.

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