Principle of the rule of law in the activities of the judiciary

2021;
: 61-69
Authors:
1
Lviv Polytechnic National University, Institute of Jurisprudence and Psychology
2
Educational and Scientific Institute of Law, Psychology and innovative education National University “Lviv Polytechnic“, Master student

Abstract. The principle of the rule of law in the modern state is studied. Emphasis is placed on the scope of the rule of law, which includes: legality, which provides for a transparent, accountable and democratic process for the implementation of legal provisions; legal certainty; prohibition of arbitrariness; access to justice; respect for human rights; prohibition of discrimination; equality before the law. Conceptually, the rule of law is to limit the arbitrariness of public authority over society and the individual. The various ways of establishing the system of the rule of law (the court through the application of human rights directly forms the system of the constitution - the English tradition; it is created by the people through the exercise of constituent power - the European continental tradition) are not fundamental. From a practical point of view, the rule of law determines the place of the judiciary in the system of public power, which should certify not only the real separation of powers, but also the ability of the judiciary to limit the discretion of the legislature and executive and thus guarantee protection from arbitrariness. This is possible only if the court (and justice procedures) are independent of other branches of government. This approach to the relationship between the separation of powers (traditionally an element of the rule of law) brings together the concepts of the rule of law and the rule of law.

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Mykhaylo Kelman, Rostyslav Kelman "Principle of the rule of law in the activities of the judiciary" http://science.lpnu.ua/law/all-volumes-and-issues/number-331-2021/principle-rule-law-activities-judiciary