The problem of rendering the defendant in the light of the rule nemo se ipsum accusare tenetur (there must be no accusation of tenacity) and in the context of the application of coercion in criminal proceedings

Lviv Polytechnic National University, Institute of Jurisprudence and Psychology
College of Occupational Safety Management in Katowice (Poland)

The article deals with the problematic issues of presenting for identification in order to identify the accused (suspect) in criminal proceedings under the criminal procedure legislation of Poland in the light of the rule nemo se ipsum accusare tenetur (no one is obliged to accuse himself), as well as in the context of coercion. in criminal proceedings. In particular, the procedural and forensic aspects of presenting for identification as an investigative (search) action and as a way to obtain evidence in criminal proceedings are thoroughly investigated. It is important in these cases to comply with criminal procedure law in the context of preventing excessive use of coercion against a person. The article argues for such an investigative (search) action as presentation for identification in favor of the fact that although the testimony of a witness or alleged perpetrator of a criminal offense has a corresponding identifying value, especially in conditions that exclude any assumptions, the law is not limit the conduct of this investigative (search) action only to the direct identification of the person. There is also no prohibition in the criminal procedure law to present both a person and an image in one procedural investigative procedure. Here it is just a matter of considering the usefulness of each of these procedural actions in the factual and evidential realities of a particular criminal proceeding. At the same time, the result of a properly conducted investigative (search) action cannot be considered as decisive evidence of the guilt or innocence of the accused. The article also emphasizes that in the process of presenting the accused for identification, it is important to strictly adhere to the provisions of the criminal process in order to avoid excessive use of coercion in criminal proceedings.

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Mykhailo V. Huzela, Arkadiusz P. Szajna "The problem of rendering the defendant in the light of the rule nemo se ipsum accusare tenetur (there must be no accusation of tenacity) and in the context of the application of coercion in criminal proceedings"