POSSIBILITIES OF CONSTRUCTION OF EXTREMELY SMALL SINGLE-HOUSES IN THE HISTORICAL CITY ENVIRONMENT

2021;
: 35-45
1
National university “Lviv polytechnic”
2
Lviv Polytechnic National University, Department of Architecture and Conservation

Authors of the article consider two important aspects of the organization of the urban
environment. The first, the possibility of compaction of buildings by the method of small single-family
houses construction. And the second, possibility of preserving the architectural character of historic
cities, which largely suffer from poorly designed and commercially attractive buildings.
Ultra-small single-family houses have a list of important qualities: they provide the minimum
household needs of residents, are privately owned, can meet the author's request. Economically, the
construction of such houses is also profitable, because investment is achievable for Ukrainian
realities. The second aspect is building planning. The very issue of the availability of ultra-small
private buildings may be of interest to the city authorities, as they may also act as investors in the
planned reorganization of existing neighbourhoods.
For historic small towns, the imperfection of street space reorganization and large-scale
housing construction is fatal. After all, violation of the ratio of height, parcelling of neighbourhoods,
the general architectural character of the building leads to the loss of the object of protection - the
most important aspect of the implementation of monument protection regulations. In addition to
strengthening the documentary and regulatory status, the environmental aspect is important - what
exactly a person sees while being in the protected area. The restoration process in Ukraine, in
particular in the town of Zhovkva, is rather slow, as state priorities are not aimed at restoring cultural
heritage. However, commercial activities and construction do not stop, and the regulation of these
processes is deliberately not performed.
How to get out of the situation when the town for development needs to meet the needs of
residents in housing so as not to violate the general nature of the historic environment? Introduce
modern approaches to building compaction: modernization of existing Soviet buildings, which were
built within the historic area, and construction of small private houses. Modernization of the existing
two-storey Soviet building compensates with small funds the modern needs of residents in comfortable
housing, along with the possibility of reorganizing the street space to a more visually attractive. And
the new construction is the construction of degraded and “gray” areas of the quarter building, so as
to maintain the integrity of the street front and the prospects of reviewing the historic environment.
For the town of Zhovkva it is potentially important to preserve the nature and quality of the
urban environment. Areas that fall within the plan of regeneration and reconstruction of the historic
environment will be developed taking into account the architectural and historical requirements, and
those that are tangential and related can be developed in the direction of modern small-scale
construction. For the town it is important not only the external frame, but also to ensure a comfortable
and safe life of the residents themselves, whose modern needs are gradually moving to minimalism.
These examples of buildings can be integrated into the fabric of the town of Zhovkva without spatial
losses, otherwise - to prevent the consolidation and spread of street space. In addition to the new
building, it is important for the town to modernize and reorganize the existing two-storey building,
re-equip the existing housing stock. Redevelopment of existing Soviet buildings into private ones with
the possibility of an extension will significantly improve the organization of the street environment
and the quality of living. The advantages of such decisive action are the maintenance of the general
nature of planning and historical parcelling of neighborhoods, as a result of the projected
improvement of the urban environment.

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