In the paper, the mathematical model describing the generation of action potential and propagation of an impulse in the neuron's filaments on the basis of the analysis of parametric electriс circuits with distributed parameters and the mathematical model of synaptic interneuron connections are proposed.
Developed models allow taking into account the influence of such factors as geometric, physical and chemical parameters of the neuron's filaments and the presence of different neurotransmitters in chemical synapses on transmitting a neural impulse. Further, such models can be used for investigating the conditions of neuron firing at spatial and time integration of input signals, as well as for the simulation of neuromuscular junctions.
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