In order to determine the latest world trends in the development of urban development and the design of architectural buildings and medical complexes, it is first necessary to refer to the 2015 ranking of countries of the world (TOR-50) according to the criteria for the effectiveness of the health system, which was compiled by Bloomberg . When calculating the country's place in the rating, the life expectancy, the health care costs of the population, as well as changes in these indicators compared with the past years were taken into account. By the quality of public health, today Hong Kong's leading medicine is leading the world. Hospitals in Hong Kong are divided into two main categories - public and private. The Hong Kong State Hospitals are under the control of the Hospital Management, which, in turn, is accountable to the Hong Kong Department of Health Products and Health. The feature of the Hong Kong city health organization is its general distribution into seven clusters, which include 43 state hospitals, 48 specialized outpatient clinics and 73 general outpatient clinics. The private hospital in Hong Kong has 11 general hospitals. Most of the hospitals in Hong Kong were built in the period 1960-90, the oldest (St Paul's Hospital) in 1898, and the newest (North Lantau Hospital) in 2013. Most of the Hong Kong hospitals have a compact construction site and is a high-rise multi-storey centralized buildings One of the main hospitals in Hong Kong is the Queen Mary Hospital, built in 1937, followed by modernization in 1955 and 1983. The hospital's Clinical Hospital is a 28-storey tower and is the highest hospital in Asia (137 m). The hospital is rated at 1,400 beds, it is the main clinical base for the University of Hong Kong Medical Faculty. The main feature of Hong Kong's healthcare system, which brought the country to the top of the world ranking, is the timely modernization of the network of multi-profile hospitals with the introduction of advanced digital and other "smart" technologies in them, which collectively allows for the so-called "smart hospital" hospital).
Singapore is the second country in the Bloomberg rating for healthcare. The Ministry of Health is responsible for the organization of public health in Singapore. Primary care is provided by general practitioners in a network of public and private institutions: in Singapore, there are 18 state polyclinics and about 1,500 private healthcare facilities. Public polyclinics provide preventive health services and health-care services. At their level, 20% of the total demand for primary care is met, the remaining 80% is covered by private practitioners. Outpatient treatment, aftercare after hospital discharge, immunization, diagnostic and pharmaceutical services are provided in the clinics. The Singapore Hospital has its own specifics: state-owned health facilities are divided into 2 groups: National Health Care Group and SingHealth. The network of health facilities in Singapore is represented by: 5 public hospitals; 1 state hospital psychiatric profile; 1 state children's and women's hospital; 13 commercial hospitals with full state participation; 9 private hospitals; 18 polyclinics; 6 national centres aimed at the treatment of cancer, eye diseases, skin, heart, dentistry and neuropathology. The capacity of 85% of public hospitals and specialized centres varies from 185 to 2010 beds, private hospitals - usually from 20 to 345. The availability of hospital beds in Singapore according to the 2012 data is 2 per 1 thousand people, with the state clearly regulating this figure. in order to control costs. The average length of stay of patients in public hospitals was 5.8 days, the average occupancy rate was about 85%. The latest features of Singapore's architectural organization include the use of advanced environmental design principles. A striking example of the energy efficient design of hospitals is the two modern Ng Teng Fong hospitals (NTFGH) and Jurong (JCH), built in Singapore in 2015 by the architectural firm CPG Corporation.
Bloomberg, 2016. Rating worldwide countries on effectiveness of health systems [online]: Доступно: <https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-09-29/u-s-health-care-syste... [Дата звернення: 27 лютий 2019].
Clusters, Hospitals & Institutions, 2018. Hospital Authority. [online]: Доступно: <http://www.ha.org.hk/visitor/ha_visitor_index.asp?Content_ID=10036&Lang=... [Дата звернення: 27 лютий 2019]
De Koninck, R., 2013. Singapour - La cité-Etat ambitieuse. Paris: Манн, Иванов и Фербер.
EN 15316-2-1:2007. Heating system in buildings – Method for calculation of system energy requirements and system efficiencies – Part 1. – CEN. – 2007.
General Out-patient Clinics, 2018. Hospital Authority. [online]: Доступно: <https://www.ha.org.hk/visitor/ha_visitor_text_index.asp?Content_ID=10052>
Harbour Times, 2018. HealthTech innovations: The future for the Hospital Authority? [online]: Доступно: <http://harbourtimes.com /2017/07/18/healthtech-innovations-the-future-for-the-hospital-authority> [Дата звернення: 27 лютий 2019]
Haseltine William, A., 2013. Affordable excellence: the Singapore healthcare story: how to create and manage sustainable healthcare systems. Singapore: Ridge Books.
Kuan, Yew Lee, 2013. From Third World to First: Singapore and the Asian Economic Boom. New Castle: Published by Harper Collins Publishers Inc.
Lekhan, V., Rudiy, V and Richardson, E., 2010. Ukraine: Health system review. Health systems in transition. WHO: European observatory on health systems and policies, 12(8).
Lim, M.K., 1998. Health Care Systems in Transition II. Singapore, Part I: An Overview of Health Care Systems in Singapore. Journal of Public Health Medicine, 20, p.16–22.
Michael, H. Merson, Robert E. Black and Anne J. Mills, 2012. Global health: diseases, programs, systems and policies. 3rd ed. Jondon: Lones & Bartlett Learning.
Ministry of Health Singapore, 2018a. Our Health system. Singapore Health Facts [online]: Доступно: <http://www.moh.gov.sg/content/moh_web/home/our_healthcare_system.html> [Дата звернення: 27 лютий 2019]
Ministry of Health Singapore, 2018b. Government Health Expenditure. Singapore Health Facts, Ministry of Health [online]: Доступно: <https: //www.moh.gov.sg/content/moh_web/home/ statistics/ Health_Facts_Singapore/ Healthcare _Financing> > [Дата звернення: 27 лютий 2019]
Most Efficient Health Care, 2014. Countries. Bloomberg second annual ranking of countries with the most efficient healthcare. Bloomberg Agency [online]: Доступно: <http:// media.bloomberg.com/bb/avfi le/rhpTqieX4Fuc> [Дата звернення: 27 лютий 2019]
S. Purdy, Sh. Paranjothy and A. Huntley [et al.], 2012. Interventions to reduce unplanned hospital admission: a series of systematic reviews. Final Report. NHS: Bristol.
Tsang, S. A, 2004. Modern History of Hong Kong. London: I. B. Tauris & Company.