How Social Entrepreneurs Learn New Skills? The Role of Social Economy Support Centres in Supporting Know-how Development

: pp. 35 - 43
University of Economics in Katowice, Poland

The modern business model means that, regardless whether for-profit or non-profit, an organization should have both the willingness and the ability to learn and develop. Nowadays social enterprise has emerged as a key factor in efforts to address the many complex issues facing the world today. Its focus on providing a benefit to society as a whole rather than just the owners of the enterprise make it ideal for addressing the global concerns of the environment, healthcare, education, economic growth, and poverty alleviation. This article demonstrates specific examples on how Social Economy Support Centres create policy programmes for social enterprises and support their legal, financial and know-how development.

  1. Austin, J., Stevenson, H., & Wei-Skillern, J. (2006). Social and commercial entrepreneurship: Same, different or both?. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 1, 1-22.
  2. Battilana, J., & Lee, M. (2014). Advancing Research on Hybrid Organizing: Insights form the Study of Social Enterprises. The Academy of Management Annuals , 8 (1), 397-441.
  3. Bosehee, J., Mc Clurg, J. (2003). Toward a better understanding of social entrepreneurship: Some important distinctions. Retrieved May 10, 2015, from
  4. Cooney K. (2011), An exploratory study of social purpose business models in the United States, “Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly”, Vol. 40, No. 1, pp. 185-196.
  5. Dacin, M. T., Dacin, P. S., & Tracey, P. (2011). Social entrepreneurship: a critique and future directions. Organization Science, 22(5), 1203-1213.
  6. Dacin, P.A., Dacin, M.T., Matear, M., (2010). Social Entrepreneurship: Why don’t Need a New Theory and How we Move Forward from Here. Academy of Management Perspectives, Vol. 24, No. 3, pp. 37-57.
  7. Dart, R. (2004). Legitimacy of Social Enterprise. Nonprofit Management and Leadership, 14(4), 411- 424.
  8. Defourny J., Nyssens M., (2013). Social Coops: When Social Enterprises meet the Cooperative tradition. Journal of Entrepreneurial and Organisational Diversity, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 11-33.
  9. di Domenico M., Haugh H., Tracy P. (2010), Social bricolage: Theorizing social value creation in social enterprises, “Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice”, No. 34(4), s. 681-703.
  10. European Commission. (2014a): A map of social enterprises and their eco-systems in Europe. Brussels: European Commission Directorate General for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion.
  11. European Commission. (2014b). A map of social enterprises and their eco-systems in Europe. Country Reports: Poland. Brussels: European Commission Directorate General for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion. Available: tId=89&newsId=2149.
  12. Frączak P., Wygnański J. J. (red.) (2008), Polski model ekonomii społecznej. Rekomendacje dla rozwoju, FISE, Warszawa.
  13. Haugh, H. (2006). Social enterprise: Beyond economic outcomes and individual returns. In J. Mair, J. Robinson, & K. Hockerts (Eds.), Social entrepreneurship (pp. 180-205). Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.
  14. Hausner J., Laurisz N. (2008), Czynniki krytyczne tworzenia przedsiębiorstw społecznych. Przedsiębiorstwo społeczne. Konceptualizacja, [w:] J. Hausner (red.), Przedsiębiorstwa społeczne w Polsce. Teoria i praktyka, UE Kraków, Kraków, s. 9-34.
  15. Kerlin, J. (2006). Social enterprise in the United States and Europe: understanding and learning from the differences. Voluntas, Vol. 17 No. 3, pp. 246-62.
  16. Leadbeater, C. (1998). The rise of Social Entrepreneur. London: Demos.
  17. Leś, E. (2007). Rola trzeciego sektora w polityce społecznej. In G. Firlit-Fesnak & M. Szylko-Skoczny (Eds.), Polityka społeczna (pp. 361-372). Warszawa: PWN.
  18. Mair, J., & Martí, I. (2009). Social entrepreneurship in and around institutional voids. Journal of Business Venturing, 24(5), 419-435.
  19. Michelini, L., & Fiorentino, D. (2012). New Business Models for Creating Shared Value. Social Responsibility Journal, 8(4), 561-577.
  20. Molyneaux D. (2004), Accountability and volunteers at social businesses: a role for ethical checklists, “Business Ethics: A European Review”, Vol. 13, No. 1, pp. 14-25.
  21. Perrini, F., & Vurro, C. (2006). Social entrepreneurship: Innovation and social change across theory and practice. In J. Mair, J. Robinson, & K. Hockerts (Eds.), Social entrepreneurship (pp. 57-85). Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.
  22. Sharir M., Lerner M. (2006), Gauging the success of social ventures initiated by individual social entrepreneurs, “Journal of World Business”, Vol. 41, No. 1, pp. 6-20.
  23. Starnawska, M. (2015). Exploring Governance Among Social Co-Operatives: Three Models From Poland. Social Sciences, 4(90), pp. 78-95.
  24. Thompson, J., & Doherty, B. (2006). The diverse world of social enterprise: A collection of social enterprise stories. International Journal of Social Economics, 33(5/6), 399-410.
  25. Thompson, J., Alvy, G., & Lees, A. (2000). Social Entrepreneurship — A New Look at The People and The Potential. Management Decision, 5, 328-338.
  26. Tracey P., Phillips N., Haugh H. (2005), Beyond philanthropy: community enterprise as a basis for corporate citizenship, “Journal of Business Ethics”, Vol. 58, No. 4, pp. 327-344.
  27. Wronka-Pośpiech, M., & Frączkiewicz-Wronka, A. (2014). The use of ICT for achieving the objectives of the business model — social enterprise perspective. Polish Journal of Management, 10(2), 33-42