A methodology for researching dynamic processes of one-dimensional systems with distributed parameters that are characterized by longitudinal component of motion velocity and are under the effect of periodic impulse forces has been developed. The boundary problem for the generalized non-linear differential Klein–Gordon equation is the mathematical model of dynamics of the systems under study in Euler variables. Its specific feature is that the unexcited analogue does not allow applying the known classical Fourier and D'Alembert methods for building a solution. Non-r
The paper deals with the Korteweg-de Vries equation with variable coefficients and a small parameter at the highest derivative. The non-linear WKB technique has been used to construct the asymptotic step-like solution to the equation. Such a solution contains regular and singular parts of the asymptotics. The regular part of the solution describes the background of the wave process, while its singular part reflects specific features associated with soliton properties. The singular part of the searched asymptotic solution has the main term that, like the soliton solu
The methodology of the studying of dynamic processes in two-dimensional systems by mathematical models containing nonlinear equation of Klein-Gordon was developed. The methodology contains such underlying: the concept of the motion wave theory; the single - frequency fluctuations principle in nonlinear systems; the asymptotic methods of nonlinear mechanics. The aggregate content allowed describing the dynamic process for the undisturbed (linear) analogue of the mathematical model of movement.
The paper deals with the singularly perturbed Korteweg–de Vries equation with variable coefficients. The equation describes wave processes in various inhomogeneous media with variable characteristics and small dispersion. We consider the general algorithm of construction of asymptotic solutions of soliton type to the equation and present its approximate solutions of this type. We analyze properties of the constructed asymptotic solution depending on a small parameter. The results are demonstrated by the examples of the studied equation. We show that for an adequate description of quali
A generalized spatial mathematical model of the multicomponent pollutant removal for a liquid treatment is proposed. Under the assumption of domination of convective processes over diffusive ones, the model considers an inverse influence of the determining factor (pollution concentration in water and sludge) on the media characteristics (porosity, diffusion) and takes into account the specified additional condition (overridden condition) for estimation of the unknown mass transfer coefficient of a small value.
The problem of scattering of the electromagnetic (EM) waves by many small impedance bodies (particles), embedded in a homogeneous medium is studied. Physical properties of the particles are described by their boundary impedance. The boundary integral equation is obtained for the effective EM field in the limiting medium for the case if radius of particles tends to zero and number of particles tends to infinity by suitable rate. The medium, created by the embedding of the small particles, has new physical properties.
A modeling problem of the process of liquid multi component decontamination by a spatial filter is considered, it takes into account the reverse influence of decisive factors (contamination concentrations of liquid and sediment) on characteristics (coefficient of porosity, diffusion) of the medium and gives us the possibility to determine small mass transfer coefficient under the conditions of prevailing of convective constituents over diffusive ones.