beam non-horizontality

High precision dual line leveling research

The aim of this article is to investigate the accuracy of dual line leveling, and develop a methodology for its execution to enhance the precision of elevation determination by accounting for vertical refraction and controlling the non-horizontality of the leveling beam. Methodology. Considering that digital levels can measure distances to the rod and account for the non-horizontality of the beam and vertical refraction during measurements, we propose a method of dual line leveling.