Synthesis, Antibacterial and Anti-Corrosive Activity of 2,3-Dihydroimidazo[1,2-a]Pyridinium Bromides

The paper describes the synthesis of a set of new 2,3-dihydroimidazo[1,2-a]pyridinium bromides which demonstrate antibacterial properties against sulfate-reducing bacteria of Desulfomicrobium and Desulfovibrio strains and inhibit their functioning in the binary culture under the steel microbial corrosion. The compounds demonstrate antibiofilm and anticorrosive properties in the medium with sulfate-reducing bacteria, steel anticorrosion rate is up to 70.6 %.

The Production of Silver Nanoparticles and Their Effect on Sulfate Reducing Bacteria Under Steel Microbial Corrosion

The production of silver nanoparticles was carried out in an aqueous medium treated by discharge of the contact non-equilibrium low-temperature plasma in the presence of sodium alginate (1.25–5.0 g/l). The formation of silver metal particles (to 100 nm) was confirmed by X-ray diffraction and IR spectroscopy analysis. The obtained colloidal solutions of silver nanoparticles lead to the formation of thinner biofilm under microbial corrosion of mild steel, initiated by sulfate reducing bacteria of Desulfomicrobium genus.

Food Additives as Factor of Corrosion of Mild Steel in Neutral Solution

It has been showed that food additives E451 and E459 inhibit corrosion in neutral water-salt medium and additives E316, E631, E621, E631+E551, herbs and spices increased it up to 1.75 times. Under microbial corrosion condition, inducted by sulfate-reducing bacteria, inhibition action (up to 80.9%) was discovered only for additive E459. Other studied additives increased microbial corrosion up to 2.27 times. The presence of food additives in corrosive medium influences the quantity of sulfate-reducing bacteria in biofilm on steel surface.

Quaternary pyridinium salts as inhibitors of mild steel biocorrosion

A number of new quaternary pyridinium salts with amide fragment and aryl substituents have been obtained, demonstrating the inhibition efficiency of 50.0–97.2 % under the biocorrosion of mild steel, induced with sulfate-reducing bacteria of Desulfovibrio and Desulfomicrobium genera. It has been established that inhibition efficiency of the studied quaternary salts is caused by their effect on microbiological factor.