Synthesis, Characterization and Application of a Diatomite-Based Composite for the Adsorption of Anionic Dyes in Aqueous Solutions

Synthesis, characterization and application of the polyaniline-diatomite (PAD) composite in the adsorption of Reactive Red 120 (RR 120) and Acid Blue (AB) dyes were carried out. The composite was prepared by the in situ polymerization of aniline. Mass of purified diatomite was mixed with a solution containing aniline dissolved in 2M hydrochloric acid at room temperature. The solid obtained was characterized using the SEM, XRD and FTIR analyses. The kinetic adsorption of dyes was described using the pseudo-second order kinetic model.